Student Learning Outcomes

Mission / Purpose

The School of Architecture at Andrews University aspires to teach its students sound thinking, practical skills, and rigorous scholarship in the discipline of architecture. It promotes those who:

* Craft buildings that are dignified, durable and purposeful;
* Design communities that foster civility;
* Serve mankind in accord with their professional and Christian vocation;
* Seek the virtues of joy, beauty, wholeness and moderation in their lifelong pursuit of learning. 

All this for God’s honor and His glory until the risen Christ comes again.


A.    Architects must have the ability to build abstract relationships and understand the impact of ideas based on research and analysis of multiple theoretical, social, political, economic, cultural and environmental contexts. This ability includes facility with the wider range of media used to think about architecture including writing, investigative skills, speaking, drawing and model making. Students' learning aspirations include: Being broadly educated; Valuing lifelong inquisitiveness; Communicating graphically in a range of media; Recognizing the assessment of evidence; Comprehending people, place, and context; Recognizing the disparate needs of client, community, and society.

B.    Architects are called upon to comprehend the technical aspects of design, systems and materials, and be able to apply that comprehension to their services. Additionally they must appreciate their role in the implementation of design decisions, and the impact of such decisions on the environment. Students' learning aspirations include: Creating building designs with well-integrated systems; Comprehending constructability; Incorporating life safety systems; Integrating accessibility; Applying principles of sustainable design.

C.    Architects need to manage, advocate, and act legally, ethically and critically for the good of the client, society and the public. This includes collaboration, business, and leadership skills. Student learning aspirations include: Knowing societal and professional responsibilities; Comprehending the business of building; Collaborating and negotiating with clients and consultants in the design process; Discerning the diverse roles of architects and those in related disciplines; Integrating community service into the practice of architecture.

Student Learning Outcomes

A.1 Ability to read, write, speak and listen effectively.

A.2 Ability to raise clear and precise questions, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions, and test alternative outcomes against relevant criteria and standards.

A.3 Ability to use appropriate representational media, such as traditional graphic and digital technology skills, to convey essential formal elements at each stage of the programming and design process.

A.4 Ability to make technically clear drawings, write outline specifications, and prepare models illustrating and identifying assembly of materials, systems and components appropriate for a building design.

A.5 Ability to gather, assess, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within architectural coursework and design processes.

A.6 Ability to effectively use basic architectural and environmental principles in design.

A.7 Ability to examine and comprehend the fundamental principles present in relevant precedents and to make choices regarding the incorporation of such principles into architecture and urban design projects.

A.8 Understanding of the fundamentals of both natural and formal ordering systems and the capacity of each to inform two- and three-dimensional design.

A.9 Understanding of parallel and divergent canons and traditions of architecture, landscape and urban design including examples of indigenous, vernacular, local, regional, national settings from the Eastern, Western, Northern, and Southern Hemispheres in terms of their climatic, ecological, technological, socioeconomic, public health, and cultural factors.

A.10 Understanding of the diverse needs, values, behavioral norms, physical abilities, and social and spatial patterns that characterize different cultures and individuals and the implication of this diversity on the societal roles and responsibilities of architects.

A.11 Understanding the role of applied research in determining function, form, and systems and their impact on human conditions and behavior.

B.1 Ability to prepare a comprehensive program for an architectural project, such as preparing an assessment of client and user needs, an inventory of space and equipment requirements, an analysis of site conditions (including existing buildings), a review of the relevant laws and standards and assessment of their implications for the project, and a definition of site selection and design assessment criteria.

B.2 Ability to design sites, facilities, and systems to provide independent and integrated use by individuals with physical (including mobility), sensory, and cognitive disabilities.

B.3 Ability to design projects that optimize, conserve, or reuse natural and built resources, provide healthful environments for occupants/users, and reduce the environmental impacts of building construction and operations on future generations through means such as carbon-neutral design, bioclimatic design, and energy efficiency.

B.4 Ability to respond to site characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation, and watershed in the development of a project design.

B.5 Ability to apply the basic principles of life-safety systems with an emphasis on egress.

B.6 Ability to Produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates each student's capacity to make design decisions across scale while integrating the following SPC: A.2. Design Thinking Skills; A.4. Technical Documentation; A.5. Investigative Skills; A.8. Historical Traditions and Global Culture; B.2. Accessibility; B.3. Sustainability; B.4. Site Design; B.5. Life Safety; B.8. Environmental Systems.

B.7 Understanding of the fundamentals of building costs, such as acquisition costs, project financing and funding, financial feasibility, operational costs, and construction estimating with an emphasis on life-cycle cost accounting.

B.8 Understanding the principles of environmental systems' design such as embodied energy, active and passie heating and cooling, indoor air quality, solar orientation, daylighting and artificial illumination, and acoustics; including the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.

B.9 Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.

B.10 Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies relative to fundamental performance, aesthetics, moisture transfer, durability, and energy and material resources.

B.11 Understanding of the basic principles and appropriate application and performance of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.

B.12 Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components, and assemblies, based o their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.

C.1 Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.

C.2 Understanding of the relationship between human behavior, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.

C.3 Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.

C.4 Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.

C.5 Understanding of the basic principles of architectural practice management such as financial management and business planning, time management, risk management, mediation and arbitration, and recognizing trends that affect practice.

C.6 Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.

C.7 Understanding of the architect's responsibility to the public and the client as determined by registration law, building codes and regulations, professional service contracts, zoning and subdivision ordinances, environmental regulation, and historic preservation and accessibility laws.

C.8 Understanding of the ethical issues involved in the formation of professional judgment regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.

C.9 Understanding of the architect's responsibility to work in the public interest, to respect historical resources, and to improve the quality of 



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Berrien Springs, Michigan 49104