Here at Andrews, we explore how diverse peoples have enriched the human experience and develop the interpersonal abilities to respect, appreciate and interact with those of different races, ethnicities, genders, ages, abilities, experiences and backgrounds. This blog is one method of said exploration.

Managed by Michael T. Nixon, vice president for Diversity & Inclusion, this blog is a place for thoughtful discourse on all issues surrounding these important topics which need to be regularly addressed.

Celebrating Filipino American History Month 2021

Posted on October 21, 2021

Dear friends,

Almost three decades ago in 1992, the Filipino American National Historical Society (FANHS) first introduced October as Filipino American History Month with a formal resolution from the FANHS National Board of Trustees. The U.S. Congress later recognized October as Filipino American History Month in 2009.

The celebration is intended to commemorate the first recorded presence of Filipinos in the continental United States. This occurred on Oct. 18, 1587, when “Luzones Indios” came ashore from the Spanish galleon Nuestra Senora de Esperanza and landed at what is now Morro Bay, California.

This year, the FANHS has chosen “50 Years Since the First Young Filipino People’s Far West Convention” as the Filipino American History Month 2021 theme. That meeting took place at Seattle University in 1971 and brought together over 300 young Filipino American participants from the West Coast of the U.S. That 1971 convention is hailed as the beginning of the Filipino American Movement.

Our own Andrews Filipino International Association (AFIA) has chosen “Pagkilala” as a theme for this month’s celebration to serve a tribute to those who have come before. We are grateful for AFIA’s leadership in putting together celebratory events for our Andrews University community.

Here is a list of celebratory campus events for the month:

Tuesday, Oct. 19, 11:30 a.m.
Filipino Stick Choreography (co-curricular program)
Recreation Center, Campus Center

Tuesday, Oct. 26, 11:30 a.m.
Filipino Tinikling Dance (co-curricular program)
Recreation Center, Campus Center

Oct. 17–Nov. 7
AFIA Rice Run (virtual event)

Thursday, Oct. 28, 11:30 a.m.
AFIA Chapel
Location TBD

Sunday, Oct. 31, 5:30–9 p.m.
White Rabbit Night Market
Berrien County Youth Fairgrounds

I look forward to celebrating with all of you as we take the opportunity as a campus to affirm and appreciate the contributions of the Filipino community to our campus, church, this country and the world.


Michael Nixon
Vice President for University Culture & Inclusion

2021 Hispanic Heritage Month Celebration

Posted on September 30, 2021

Sept. 15, 2021


For more than three decades, beginning in 1988, Americans have observed National Hispanic Heritage Month during the 30-day period of Sept. 15–Oct. 15.

In particular, Sept. 15 holds a special level of significance in the Hispanic community because it commemorates the anniversary of the independence of the countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively. We also think of our Brazilian community during this time of the year, as they commemorated their independence on Sept. 7.

As this month of recognition begins, I would like to invite you all to join our campus community as Andrews University celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month under this year's theme: “Todos Uno.” I would like to give a special thanks to our four Hispanic campus organizations for their efforts in picking this theme and planning these events: the Andrews University Latino Association (AULA), Adelante, Makarios and the Hispanic Club of the Seminary.

Todos Uno means “All One,” which refers to both diversity (all) and unity (one). Even when members of the Hispanic community are diverse in traditions, ethnicity, customs and influences, they all share the same experience of being immigrants (or immigrant descendants) and overcoming permanent challenges and prejudices.

For further information, please visit the AULA website. Here is a schedule of events planned for Hispanic Heritage Month:

Sept. 16: Heavenly Heritage Vespers
Time: 6:30 p.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel

Sept. 17: Bonfire/Petting Zoo
Time: 7:15 p.m.
Location: Dairy Farm

Sept. 18: Movie Night (“In The Heights”)
Time: 8:30 p.m.
Location: Newbold Auditorium

Sept. 21: Todos Uno: Breaking Latino Stereotypes in our Community (Short Course)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 135

Sept. 23: Heavenly Heritage Vespers
Time: 6:30 p.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel

Sept. 27: Lunes Latino—Latin Beats
Time: 8 p.m.
Location: TBA

Sept. 28: Todos Uno: Financial Education (Short Course)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 135

Sept. 30: University Chapel—Latino Feature Artist: Tiago Arrais
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Newbold Auditorium

Sept. 30: Heavenly Heritage Vespers
Time: 6:30 p.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel

Oct. 4–8: Spirit Week

Oct. 7: University Chapel—¿God, que quieres?
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Newbold Auditorium

Oct. 7: Heavenly Heritage Vespers
Time: 6:30 p.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel

Oct. 8: Todos Uno: Mental Health (Short Course)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 135

Oct. 14: University Chapel—Latino Celebration with special guest Milton Coronado
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Howard Performing Arts Center

Oct. 14: Heavenly Heritage Vespers
Time: 6:30 p.m.
Location: Garber Auditorium, Chan Shun Hall

Oct. 15: Proximity Latino Vespers
Time: 7 p.m.
Location: Pioneer Memorial Church

Oct. 16: Makarios Sabbath
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel

Oct. 16: Noche Latina
Time: 8 p.m.
Location: TBA

Oct. 19: Todos Uno: Matriarchy and the Oppression of Women (Short Course)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 135

I look forward to celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month with all of you as we take the opportunity as a campus to affirm and appreciate the contributions of Hispanics to our campus, our country and our world.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for University Culture & Inclusion

The Haitian Border Crisis Through God's Eyes

Posted on September 28, 2021

Sept. 28, 2021

Dear friends,

The beautiful island nation of Haiti represents a wonderful array of lives and stories that weave through our own Andrews University community family. Over the last 20 years within our own student body, we have always had at least one student from Haiti attending our University each school year.

However, that island nation of Haiti is also a place that has been too often touched by tragedy.

Just over a decade ago, a massive 2010 earthquake killed hundreds of thousands of Haitians. Just this September, another massive earthquake killed thousands.

In between those two tragic bookends, the country—the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere—has been touched by persistent poverty, corruption, illiteracy, displacement and limited access to food and water for its citizens. Additionally, this July the president of the country was assassinated.

However, in spite of these recent tragedies, Haiti has also always been a symbol of remarkable strength, as it became the first independent Black republic in the world when they managed to overthrow the Napoleon-led French at the Battle of Vertiéres in 1803.

Due to that loss of the country of Haiti, which was the world’s richest colony at the time, Napoleon, desperate for money to fund future conquests, sold 530,000,000 acres of land to America. Those acres of land make up what we know today as the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wyoming, North Dakota and Montana. If not for the Haitian Revolution, students and employees who call those states home might conceivably have been French citizens today.

This legacy of fighting for freedom has ingrained the Haitian people with a resilient spirit which has empowered them to endure a host of tragedies and setbacks. Haitians are a people who take pride in their heritage and who demand and deserve to be treated and seen with dignity regardless of their socioeconomic status or condition.

So for the students who join us from Haiti, and for the more than 11 million who live today on that beautiful island, our prayers continue and our hearts break as we seek to comprehend the impact of that overwhelming reality.

Especially in the wake of these seemingly endless tragedies and threats, Haitians understandably share a common human yearning for a better place, a better home for themselves and their families. For many, that means the United States. Over the last two decades, immigration from Haiti to the United States has tripled. And after the political tragedies and natural disasters of this year, even more immigrants have left the country to try to make their way to the United States through Mexico.

That journey by the Haitian community to find a new and better home somewhere else has dramatically been on our hearts over this last week. If you have been following the news, you’ve perhaps seen some of the disturbing photos that showed border patrol agents on horseback as they pursued and attempted to drive away some of the 15,000 Haitians who had crossed the Rio Grande and gathered under bridges near Del Rio, Texas, as they attempted to enter the United States.

The horror of seeing men on horses try and round up human beings brings back terrible memories of some of the worst things that America has done throughout its history. In turn, those actions have justifiably inspired widespread outrage.

Daniel Foote, the United States’ top envoy to Haiti, resigned last Thursday over the “inhumane” and “counterproductive” deportations of Haitian migrants. President Biden has condemned those actions as “outrageous. I promise you those (border agents) will … be investigated. There will be consequences.” Since those photos emerged, those horseback patrols at the border have been suspended, and the Department of Homeland Security has promised a full investigation.

Two thousand of the Haitians who gathered at the border have been returned by plane to Haiti since then, and thousands more have been allowed to remain in the United States as they apply for asylum.

As we seek to understand this latest tragedy, and as our nation again seeks to craft and enforce a humane approach to immigration amidst disappointments, I am reminded of some words I shared more than three years ago in this Divino blog when I wrote about the separation of children from their families at the U.S. Border in 2018.

In that post, I shared this essential passage from the book of Deuteronomy that is relevant in this current situation—and always—for each one of us as children of God, committed to the values of His Kingdom:

“For the Lord your God is the God of gods and Lord of lords. He is the great God, the mighty and awesome God, who shows no partiality and cannot be bribed. He ensures that orphans and widows receive justice. He shows love to the foreigners living among you and gives them food and clothing. So you, too, must show love to foreigners, for you yourselves were once foreigners in the land of Egypt. Deuteronomy 10:17–19

As I reflected then, there are several examples in Scripture of God commanding us to treat those who are not native to our land in the exact same manner that we would treat a family member. We are always called, I believe, to treat each other, including the “strangers within our gates,” with dignity, respect and compassion—an approach informed by God’s own care and love for each one of us.

In fact, I continue to be convinced that God calls His people to take an active part in not only welcoming in the foreigner or stranger that is within our gates but also to make provision for them—treating them as if they are members of our own families.

As I reflected earlier, “our ancestors were brought to this country by way of divergent and varying paths. Some migrated to America and forcibly claimed these lands, which were not native to them, as their own. Others were brought to these shores by force, and the foundations of this country were built on the backs of their free labor. Still others sought the dream of a better life in this country fleeing war-torn and impoverished communities in their countries of origin.”

We are reminded of these stories not only by troubling stories in the news but also by the history and stories that we reflect on during this Hispanic Heritage Month, which we’re now celebrating on our campus. This is an incredible opportunity as God’s children to truly understand the stories that mark the heritage of our Latinx brothers and sisters (which includes Haitians), including a generations-long struggle to find a safe and secure home for each member of their family and community.

Whatever boundaries we face—those on a map, those in a government policy, even boundaries within our own hearts—must be informed by humane treatment and the dignity that each child of God deserves. We need to find a place where these biblical principles can be reinforced by our own actions, and the actions of this country, especially as it embraces and claims the values of Christian fidelity and purpose.

Certainly, there are complicated and challenging failures on all sides in this story and all the stories that have preceded them. Within this Divino blog, we’ve now reflected on several tragedies that surround these issues across the years and even different administrations in the United States.

They are all hard reminders of how broken this world is and how essential are the answers found in God’s ultimate call to offer dignity, purpose and true love for each individual—even, and perhaps especially, for those who are not part of our country or our communities.

Karl A. Racine, the District of Columbia Attorney General, who is a Haitian American, wrote last week that “individuals seeking asylum or other humanitarian assistance in our country deserve our respect and compassion, and they should not be treated differently from other migrants based on their country of origin. Haitians deserve the same due process as all others attempting to immigrate or flee to the United States.”

Attorney General Racine makes a powerful and God-inspired point as the United States, as God’s children and as a global community continue to seek and pray for God’s power and purpose in addressing this current crisis and understanding and effectively addressing the realities for all who seek a better home.

Michael Nixon
Vice President for University Culture & Inclusion

Why We Remember: Celebrating Juneteenth 2021

Posted on June 18, 2021

Juneteenth 2021


“I will never forget the violence of the white mob when we left our home. I still see Black men being shot, Black bodies lying in the street. I still smell smoke and see fire. I still see Black businesses being burned. I still hear airplanes flying overhead. I hear the screams. I have lived through the massacre every day. Our country may forget this history, but I cannot ... I am 107 years old and I have never ... seen justice. I pray that one day I will."

These are a part of the words delivered by Viola Floyd Fletcher, just two weeks after her 107th birthday and nearly 100 years to the date of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre.

Viola, her younger brother Hughes Van Ellis and Leslie Benningfield Randle recently testified before a House Judiciary Subcommittee on May 19 to seek for the reparations and justice that have never been afforded to them and the families of the other victims of this massacre. Some historians say as many as 300 Black people were killed and another 10,000 were left homeless as the Greenwood district of Tulsa, Oklahoma, was destroyed by the attack that was launched on May 31, 1921. That date does not seem as far in the past when you sit and listen to the vivid memories of Viola and the other survivors who can recount the horror of the massacre as if it had only occurred yesterday.

There are some who may suggest that it is better we leave these stories in the past. If these tragedies occurred so long ago, why should we take the time to remember these darker chapters in American history? I submit to you that in a time when we are witnessing an all-out assault on the ability to tell the truth about our history happening in the news media, across social media and the internet and even some state legislatures across the country, it has never been more important than now for us, as people of faith who pride ourselves on learning and spreading gospel truth, to create the space necessary to tell the truth about our collective history so that we are not doomed to repeat the shortcomings we uncover.

Each year on Juneteenth, we celebrate another often forgotten chapter of our history which exemplifies both the tragedy and triumph that is connected to the Black experience in America. It also exemplifies the power that we can possess when we remember to advocate for the betterment of the other, of those who are truly our brothers and sisters.

June 19, 1865, marks the date that Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, and announced both the end of the Civil War and slavery. As we know, the Civil War had ended and the Emancipation Proclamation which legally freed enslaved persons was signed on Jan. 1, 1863, almost two and a half years before General Granger delivered the message to enslaved persons in Galveston. Starting that following year in 1866, Texans began to celebrate Juneteenth as a day marked with joy and hope with community-centric events, such as parades, cookouts, prayer gatherings, historical and cultural readings, and musical performances. As tragic as it was that it took two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation for enslaved persons in Galveston to be freed due to the greed, cruelty and indifference of those who claimed ownership of them, General Granger’s example demonstrated the power of remembering to seek justice for the other.

I sometimes wonder how long it would have taken for enslaved persons in Galveston to realize that they were truly free had General Granger not delivered the message on that first Juneteenth of 1865. It is hard for us to guess, but we can be sure that enslaved persons would not have become aware of their freedom unless someone, like General Granger, had the courage to remember. Though Granger had nothing to gain from delivering the message, it was profoundly the right thing to do.

On Thursday, June 17, our country took that remembrance one step further when President Biden signed legislation to make Juneteenth a federal holiday, enshrining June 19 as the national day to commemorate the end of slavery in the United States. The legislation passed both the House and the Senate with bipartisan support making this year’s Juneteenth the first that will be celebrated as a national holiday.

During the signing ceremony at the White House, President Biden made sure to recognize a woman who never forgot to remember the significance of Juneteenth. Opal Lee is an activist, who at the age of 89 decided to walk from her home in Fort Worth to Washington D.C. in an effort to get Juneteenth named a national holiday. Opal walked two and a half miles each day to signify the amount of years it took for enslaved persons in Galveston to hear that they were free. President Biden called her “a grandmother of the movement to make Juneteenth a federal holiday” and got down on one knee to greet her in the audience. There is such great power in remembering.

There are several commands to remember that God has given to his people in scripture. There are many that stand out to us within our faith community: to remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy; to remember the sacrifice of Christ through participation in communion; to confess our sins because our Savior is faithful and just to forgive, the list goes on and on.

One of my favorite challenges for us to remember is found in the first chapter of Isaiah: “Learn to do good. Seek justice. Help the oppressed. Defend the cause of orphans. Fight for the rights of widows.” (Isaiah 1:17, NLT) As followers of the example of Christ, we should always remember to not only awaken those around us to their access to the power of freedom in Christ but also to seek restorative justice in response to their everyday needs.

As our president, Andrea Luxton, emphasized in her Juneteenth letter, Andrews University has pledged to stand against racism and remains fully committed to taking measurable steps toward an ethic of consistent and equitable love, compassion and justice. With this in mind, I invite you to celebrate the triumph of justice and freedom that Juneteenth represents this year and always. I also invite you to continue to remember that there is so much more work to be done, so much more justice to seek, and so many more people who are entitled to freedom. We remember the tragedy of the murder of George Floyd while we also take some solace in the fact that accountability was manifested in the conviction of Derek Chauvin on murder and manslaughter charges. We remember the countless other victims of violence who have not received justice and who still seek it—like Viola Floyd Fletcher 100 years later.

Whether we celebrate or we mourn, it is always better when done in community. While we remember the complexity of Juneteenth, let us thank God for the opportunity he has given us in this moment to draw closer together as we seek to continue to become the individuals and institution that he has called us to be.

Happy Juneteenth!

Grace and Peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President
Diversity & Inclusion

Juneteenth: Pursuing Love, Compassion & Justice

Posted on June 17, 2021

Juneteenth (also known as June 19th) 2021


One year ago I wrote to you and shared some of my reflections on the tragic deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery and too many others.

I wrote that letter a year ago on June 19 as a way to help recognize Juneteenth—an annual holiday celebrated for more than 150 years by the Black community to commemorate the end of slavery in the United States. That idea and promise of freedom for the Black citizens of the United States continues to carry special resonance, especially as our nation continues to mourn the loss of Black lives that impacts our communities.

My colleague, Michael Nixon, vice president for Diversity & Inclusion, plans to share some additional thoughts on the meaning and purpose of Juneteenth in the context of the American story in an upcoming Divino post. Incidentally, Juneteenth this year also offers us the opportunity to recognize and reflect on this year’s 100-year anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre, whose effects and implications continue to ripple through history. I hope you’ll take the time to read Michael's message on the meanings and implications of Juneteenth and to reflect on its implications for our lives as God’s children.

As we reach Juneteenth this year, I want to again assure you that Andrews University is committed to stand against racism and remains fully committed to taking measurable steps toward an ethic of consistent and equitable love, compassion and justice. That means to always view and treat each other as God’s children, as true brothers and sisters who are ultimately and unquestionably worthy of respect, protection and care.

There have been some significant developments in the stories I shared a year ago, including those related to the killing of George Floyd, whose death galvanized last summer’s protests and inspired ongoing movements to challenge and seek to change how each one of us cares for and better protects one another, regardless of the other’s role and position in society.

As you know, Floyd’s death led to a trial this past April that captured the attention of the entire world. During that trial, Derek Chauvin, the policeman responsible for Floyd’s murder, was ultimately convicted of second- and third-degree murder and manslaughter charges.

The trial included some remarkable moments of bearing truthful witness as we seek justice.

First was the witness offered during the trial by Minneapolis police chief Medaria Arradondo, who testified during the trial that Chauvin had breached regulations and showed disregard for police principles which call Chauvin and other officers to respect “the sanctity of life.” Chief Arradondo’s unusual and honest testimony is an important reminder of the power of a truthful witness.

The other was the remarkable story and witness of Darnella Frazier, a 17-year-old who was out shopping with her 9-year-old cousin the day George Floyd was killed. Floyd’s arrest was unfolding outside the store where Darnella went shopping with her young cousin, and as she stood outside that store on a Minneapolis sidewalk, she recorded the tragic last minutes of Floyd’s life and his ultimate death with an unwavering 10-minute cell phone video. It was that 10-minute video that galvanized protests, helped inspire continuing reform efforts in Congress, and was key evidence in Chauvin’s murder conviction.

A footnote to the story of that video came earlier this month when Frazier received a Pulitzer Prize for her video. That sort of international recognition of Frazier’s actions that day reflects the power and central importance of bearing witness wherever and whenever it’s most needed, regardless of your age, role or even what you may perceive as the limited power of your voice.

As I’ve noted earlier, those stories I shared with you a year ago are far from the only ones of racism, hatred and violence that have so often broken our hearts and troubled our souls over the last year.

If you’ve been reading some of the letters over the last year from Michael Nixon, you’ll have also read and thought more about ongoing acts of violence, racism and hatred against our Asian brothers and sisters during this COVID-19 year, as well as ongoing acts of hatred and violence against those in Muslim and Jewish communities. And, tragically, killings of unarmed individuals by police officers continued to inspire protests.

Even some of the issues surrounding the global COVID-19 pandemic itself have led to a disappointing array of stories that illustrate mistrust, hatred and sometimes even violence when we disagree with one another or with the safety protocols put in place by our government.

These are heartbreaking stories to hear, not just for the hateful acts themselves but also in how they relate to a growing culture where it’s easy to minimize the views of others while also relying on rhetoric that assumes the speaker’s reality is right, irrespective of evidence. These are challenges that not only impact the wider society, they are also reflected in our own communities and even within the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

Throughout this last year, we have continued to encounter stories of racism, hatred and violence that continue to break our hearts and trouble our souls. Michael has also spoken out against ongoing acts of violence, racism and hatred against our Asian brothers and sisters during this COVID-19 year, actions that demonstrate attitudes and evil actions that darken our world and are far from God’s calling for His children.

Even some of the issues surrounding the global COVID-19 pandemic itself have led to a disappointing array of stories that illustrate mistrust, hatred and sometimes even violence when we disagree with one another or with the safety protocols put in place by our government.

These are heartbreaking stories to hear, not just for the hateful acts themselves but also in how they relate to a growing culture where it’s easy to minimize the views of others while also relying on rhetoric that assumes the speaker’s reality is right, irrespective of evidence. They are challenges that not only impact the wider society but are also reflected in our own communities and even within the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

That’s a tragedy, because I believe there is no better way for our community and our church to be disrupted from its ultimate mission than for us to spend time arguing over issues which are not related to our salvation and/or, worse still, to actively disparage the actions of others because we might not agree with something they do. In these situations, sometimes the “us” and “them” start breaking into smaller and smaller groups until “them” can be anyone who isn’t in alignment with our social and theological perspective. I think in these moments Jesus’ response to his disciples’ concern over those who were not part of them is exactly right: “for whoever is not against us is for us” (Mark 9:40). How much more energy would we have if we spent time focusing on what mission we could achieve together rather than worrying about what someone else might be doing wrong.

What I’m trying to reflect on here is at the heart of our Andrews University mission statement and particularly its summary, “Seek Knowledge, Affirm Faith, Change the World.” If this mission matters, then what we do as individuals and a University should follow what God says—we should reason together, even wrestle with the complexity of different challenges and different perspectives together.

It’s that commitment to biblically driven knowledge and understanding that is behind Andrews University’s pledge to clearly stand against racism and hatred, to commit to being an anti-racist institution.

So, let me close by sharing some thoughts I shared with you a year ago but that are increasingly relevant in today’s world.

As World Changers committed to the possibility of a world dedicated to justice and equality, Andrews University once again makes the following institutional commitments to all of our campus community both here in Berrien Springs and around the world, commitments that are driven by the values of God’s Kingdom.

  1. We will only be satisfied when Andrews University is a safe place for all, and we will keep working until we ultimately reach that end.
  2. We commit to educating our Andrews University community on how to recognize their own unconscious bias and how to listen openly to others.
  3. We will inspire our Andrews University World Changers to passionately model justice and equity in their own dealings and lead others with integrity, using power to uplift and inspire hope.

    In total we are fully committed to becoming a truly anti-racist institution. We are committed to seek a world influenced by God’s kingdom, a world where humility, compassion and care are central.

Once more, these are truths that are crucial to our operations and our lives as members of the Andrews University community. These truths are the faithful witness and power we must offer in response to the truly heartbreaking times we face in our world, challenging times that too often continue to be filled with anger and fear.

As a result, I’m convinced that we will greet moments like Juneteenth not only as a time to acknowledge and better understand the disappointment and challenges in the history that precedes us but also as a time to chart and inspire a path of hope forward for ourselves and our world.

I believe that the World Changers who continue to study and are inspired at Andrews University can and will articulate and pursue that path of hope and positive change for our entire world, a purpose clearly defined by our mission.

May God bless this journey as together we seek to impact a world that so desperately needs our faithful witness and which will be changed by pursuing God’s answers of equity, love, compassion and justice, now more than ever.

Andrea Luxton

Defending the Intrinsic Value of Each Life Lost

Posted on April 20, 2021


On Monday evening, the Derek Chauvin trial went to the jury following closing arguments. This widely followed trial will soon be over.

This trial, which brought charges against Chauvin, a former police officer, for the death of George Floyd nearly one year ago, is one that has raised multiple intense emotions throughout the country and the world. In many ways this trial has become about something far more than whether or not one man is guilty. The trial has also had the effect of polarizing opinions on law enforcement and justice. It has specifically raised the sensitive, yet real, issues of systemic racism in our world.

With all of this, at the heart of the passionate exchanges surrounding the trial is something very critical, for what is on trial are truly and ultimately the priorities and values of this nation and, further than that, the priorities and values held by each of us, both personally as well as corporately, as a community of faith. These conversations ask whether we, for example, are willing to defend unequivocally our beliefs in the sanctity of life and the intrinsic value of each person as created by God? Are we clear that there are not tiers of human value within God’s kingdom?

I recall the famous words of John Donne, “Any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.” I truly believe that if we lose our capacity to mourn lost lives, and if we do not do all we can to save lives, I would suggest that as a community we are at risk of losing our own soul.

Irrespective of the verdict of this trial, we do know that a life has been lost and we should care about that.

Further, irrespective of the reasons and motivations of the killer, eight lives were lost in a mass shooting in Indianapolis last week. We should also care about that, too. And on any day or week, we could continue sadly with a long list of similar lost lives. As individuals and as a community of faith, we should mourn for those lost lives and we should care greatly about bringing change to society so that fewer lives (all of value) are lost.

As you may know, Andrews University is approved as a site for a Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation Campus Center, which opened on our campus this past semester. That means we, with a group of other universities in the United States, have been identified as a campus that is not afraid of the difficult questions and we wish to face those hard questions through a process of listening in order to ultimately bring reconciliation and healing. That also means we seek to understand and listen to very real pain that such tragic and high-profile deaths bring to our world, our nation and community. It means we must find a way to frame these difficult conversations in a way that brings our community together in a truly shared commitment.

Whatever the verdict of the Derek Chauvin trial, it’s inescapable that a tragedy has happened. And whatever the verdict, there will be some who are angry and some who will rejoice. But that is not the end of this story, not the conclusion of this tragedy.

As a campus we will find an opportunity through our Office of Diversity & Inclusion and the Center for Faith Engagement to create a listening space for this community as the Chauvin trial ends and a verdict is delivered.

As an Andrews University community, please know that we will be there for you. We will want to actively share, listen and learn. We want to take the time to carefully discover together how we can be change agents in a world where value is too often removed from the realities that first, all life is sacred and second, there is no hierarchy of value when it comes to human lives.

Please look out for the announcements for those formal opportunities to talk and listen together. Please join us for those honest and meaningful conversations. In the meantime let us pray, today and always, that as individuals and as a community we may have the grace to become truly world changing leaders who value and identify with all human lives. We must do that not just in words but in action.

Thank you for your continued prayers and involvement as we continue through this difficult, but essential, journey to understand and assure value, meaning and care for one another.


Andrea Luxton

A Reflection on the Heartbreak of Violence & Death

Posted on April 19, 2021

Over the last week, our hearts were broken once again in the wake of the release of the police body-cam footage which captured the shooting death of 13-year-old Adam Toledo by Officer Eric Stillman on March 29 in the Little Village neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, a city just across Lake Michigan from our University.

While there was some initial discrepancy as to the specifics of Toledo’s shooting death, which occurred during what police described as an “armed confrontation,” the grainy body-cam footage appears to show that within a one-second span of time between when Adam appeared to toss the gun he had been holding behind the fence and turned around with his empty hands up, he was shot by Officer Stillman. Stillman immediately called for an ambulance and began first aid on Adam, but Adam tragically died at the scene. Mayor Lori Lightfoot later declared that there is no evidence that Adam shot at the police. Officer Stillman has been placed on administrative leave at this time.

The family of Adam Toledo, who had dreamed of becoming a police officer someday, released the following statement in the wake of his death:

“[Adam was a] loved and supported 13-year-old boy from a close-knit family. He lived with his mother, his 90-year-old grandfather, and two of his siblings, and his father was in his life … Adam was not alone.”

Adam attended Gary Elementary School, a high-rated school in Chicago that serves more than 900 students from third through eighth grade. Nearly 98 percent of students are Hispanic, and 95 percent are from low-income families.

In addition to this news about Adam Toledo, the ongoing incidence of mass shootings has also continued to be part of the news—especially with the shooting deaths of eight, and the injuring of four, late last week at a Federal Express facility in Indianapolis, a city a few hours south of our main campus here in Michigan. As reporting continues on this shooting at the FedEx facility, the Indianapolis Sikh community is mourning the four Sikhs that were killed in the attack. It also appears that the shooter, who killed himself at the FedEx facility after shooting others, had legally purchased the weapons he used in the attack after being earlier interviewed by the FBI and having a pump action shotgun seized at the time of those interviews (his mother had reported him with mental health concerns).

As many of you know, last week, after the shooting death of Daunte Wright, I shared another Divino post reflecting on Wright’s shooting death and extended an invitation to a virtual forum titled: “Here Again: Processing the Shooting Death of Daunte Wright” hosted by the Black Student Christian Forum, in collaboration with the Office of Diversity & Inclusion, the Andrews University Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation Campus Center, and the Center for Faith Engagement.

However, in the wake of this recent shooting death of Adam Toledo, we have expanded the focus of the original event, and it will now be called: “Here Again: Processing the Recent Shooting Deaths of Daunte Wright & Adam Toledo.” We have also invited the Andrews University Latino/a Association (AULA) to co-sponsor the event, Tuesday, April 20, at 11:30 a.m. on Zoom (co-curricular credit will be provided).

As we plan for that time together to reflect on both of these recent shooting deaths, I wanted to share with you some words from the leaders of our Andrews University Latino Association (AULA) and Makarios clubs as they have reflected on the shooting death of Adam Toledo:

“Our AULA & Makarios clubs stand with our Hispanic community as we are all much affected, and deeply saddened, by the recent death of Adam Toledo at the hands of law enforcement … our differences in color and ethnicity should not be something that puts us against each other, or be another reason for a life to be taken away. Rather, we believe our differences should instead encourage us to engage with and to learn about each other's cultures and common values. We want to encourage our Andrews family to continue to have open discussions, and we want to let our Hispanic students know that they have our support, and we are always willing to listen, especially in hard and challenging times like these. As a community, let us not forget how God told us in His word to always love our neighbor and to be a servant to others. Also, please know that our thoughts and prayers go out to the Toledo family and community as they mourn the loss of a brother, a son, a grandson, a classmate and a friend.”

As you know, the stories of Daunte and Adam are part of a tragic tapestry of violence and death that seemingly fills our news reports almost every day. Over the weekend, following the FedEx shootings, there was significant national coverage of at least three other mass shootings.

As a result, on a personal level, you may also want to talk with someone to help you understand and process your grief and even anger about all of these tragedies. Those include those two deaths, as well as the larger and ongoing reality of mass shootings in our country in recent weeks which have injured and killed family members, coworkers, and individuals in shopping centers and restaurants and public spaces. Those shootings have included some which targeted members of various cultural groups, such as last month’s Atlanta shootings which killed eight and specifically targeted members of the Asian community.

If you are experiencing that grief and anger about this recent news, I once again invite you to attend the forum I talked about above or connect directly and confidentially with our chaplains at the Center for Faith Engagement or our counselors in the Counseling & Testing Center. Both in the April 20 forum and in direct conversations with one another, we want to find productive ways to pursue conversations for your own heart and life and for our world which continues to be threatened by the consequences of violence and hatred.

Ultimately, we want to prayerfully and meaningfully change the world through the hope centered in the ultimate promises of God’s kingdom.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

University Statement on Recent Police Shooting

Posted on April 14, 2021

Dear friends,

The Andrews University Office of Diversity & Inclusion joins in a chorus of voices across our nation and world that mourn the recent shooting death of 20-year-old Daunte Wright by Kim Potter, a Brooklyn Center police officer, this past Sunday, April 11, during a routine traffic stop in Brooklyn Center, a suburb of Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Even more tragically, the shooting occurred just ten miles away from the site of Officer Derek Chauvin’s current trial, where he faces three murder/manslaughter charges in connection with the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis nearly a year ago in May 2020.

In the wake of Daunte’s killing, his mother Katie Wright has publicly shared that “[Daunte] was a son, he was a brother, he was an uncle, he was a grandson and he was so much more.” As a student, Daunte had worked with Project Success, a non-profit organization that helps Minneapolis school students plan for their futures. Daunte leaves behind his parents, Aubrey and Katie Wright, the mother of his child, Chyna, and his soon to be 2-year-old son, Daunte Jr.

Brooklyn Center Police Chief Tim Gannon described the shooting death of Daunte Wright as “an accidental discharge” and stated that Officer Potter had intended to fire her Taser and not her handgun. In the aftermath of Sunday’s event, Chief Gannon and Officer Potter both resigned from the Brooklyn Center Police Department on Tuesday, April 13. On Wednesday, April 14, it was announced that Officer Potter will face second degree manslaughter charges, to be issued by the Washington County Attorney’s Office.

Regardless of the attempts to explain and ultimately understand this shooting death of Daunte Wright in the days and weeks to come, we are once again left heartbroken, frustrated and dumbfounded that another “routine traffic stop” has led to the death of an unarmed Black person. In our heartbreak, frustration and anger, we realize that ultimately there aren’t any adequate words at moments like this that can help us make sense of yet another one of these tragic deaths. This incident is a painful reminder of just how much more progress still needs to be made on our essential journey toward true equity, liberty and justice for everyone in our country and in our world.

Incidentally, as I share this news, I also cannot help but reflect on last summer’s reckoning with the continuing pandemic of systemic racism that saw an awakening to, and protests against, some of the painful realities that the Black community has been dealing with for centuries. The discussions of those issues on our own campus this past summer led, in part, to the creation of the George Floyd Scholar program.

As I thought about the impact of that new program and its intentions to recognize students who seek to create hope and inspire change in the world, I reached out to Jennifer Jean. Jennifer is a freshman biology major and the inaugural recipient of a full-tuition scholarship from the George Floyd Scholar program. Here are her own reactions to the shooting death of Daunte Wright:

“This week we were hit with yet another tragedy—the shooting death of Daunte Wright. As I read the news, I am filled with disgust and anger for the corrupt nature of the justice system. As a country, we have begun to be desensitized due to the fact that these shootings and deaths have become such a common occurrence. Something that is particularly heartbreaking this week and with this story is that the shooting and death of Daunte Wright occurred during the George Floyd trial in the same area. The irony of this is while we are fighting for the justice of one Black man, another one has been shot and killed and once again failed by the justice system. SAY HIS NAME: DAUNTE WRIGHT.”

The Black Student Christian Forum, in collaboration with the Office of Diversity & Inclusion, the Andrews University Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation Campus Center and the Center for Faith Engagement, is planning to host a virtual forum conversation titled “Here Again: Processing the Shooting Death of Daunte Wright” to help our Andrews University campus community discuss and process these recent events. The program will take place on Tuesday, April 20, at 11:30 a.m. via Zoom here. Co-curricular credit will be provided.

On a personal level, you may want to talk with someone to help you understand and process your grief and even anger as you process this tragic news. If that’s true for you, I invite you to connect directly with our chaplains at our Center for Faith Engagement or with our counselors in our Counseling & Testing Center to find a way to have some of those heartbroken, personal and essential conversations for your own heart and life.

As I share these thoughts today, I find the words of the prophet Habakkuk especially powerful and relevant right now, especially in the beginning verses of Habakkuk 1:

“How long, O Lord, must I call for help? But you do not listen! ‘Violence is everywhere!’ I cry, but you do not come to save. Must I forever see these evil deeds? Why must I watch all this misery? Wherever I look, I see destruction and violence. I am surrounded by people who love to argue and fight. The law has become paralyzed, and there is no justice in the courts. The wicked far outnumber the righteous, so that justice has become perverted” (Habakkuk 1:2–4, NLT).

What we find in God’s response to Habbakuk is that He would respond to the injustice described in Habakkuk’s inquiry, and God would lead him in a direction that he would not expect. Those words recorded in Habakkuk are a reminder that oftentimes God answers our questions in ways we cannot foresee and, at times, we do not fully understand. So if you personally resonate with the questions of Habakkuk in this particular moment of heartbreak and even anger, I realize that while I do not know what God’s individual response to you will be, I can assure you that He will respond. I continue to be convinced that God sees every act of injustice in this world, and His heart aches for the misery it has caused.

As a result, I believe we can take comfort in knowing that God will have the final say in this moment,  amidst all the tragedy and heartache of our world that desperately needs the answers and peace of His kingdom:

“I have told you all this so that you may have peace in me. Here on earth, you will have many trials and sorrows. But take heart, because I have overcome the world” (John 16:33, NLT).

Grace and peace,


A Formal Apology to Our NHPI Community

Posted on April 9, 2021


I graduated from Andrews University more than a decade ago, in May 2009. At the time I graduated, Andrews University had not yet incorporated cultural celebrations and stoles into graduation weekend events. Even so, I will never forget the euphoria I felt as I finished my academic journey at Andrews University and walked out of Pioneer Memorial Church with my fellow graduates.

As I excitedly walked toward the J.N. Andrews sculpture and panned the crowd of people to find my family, I was first greeted by a familiar face: Taufau Afaese, known to many here in our community as “Mama Fau.” She was a stalwart in our broader campus community in general and in our Andrews University and local Samoan community in particular. As I walked closer to her on my graduation day, she smiled her wonderful wide smile and motioned for me to bow. At that moment, she honored me by placing a flower lei around my neck. She then gave me a big hug and congratulated me on my achievement.

As happy as I was to receive my diploma that day, I will also never forget how Mama Fau extended her arms out to embrace me and invite me into her cultural practice of honor with the bestowing of a flower lei (the leis made of candy are great, too!). That caring action made me feel seen, appreciated and respected in a way that receiving my diploma could not have done on its own. At that moment and with her kindness, I truly felt like I was a part of her family.

I thought of that experience on Thursday, when I had a conversation with Evelyn Elisara Talaepa, one of our Samoan students who came to attend Andrews from her home in California. She came to my office to visit with me to express her pain and concern at the fact that the Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander (NHPI) community was not more intentionally and fully included in the planning and execution of our campus’ upcoming AAPI culture and heritage celebration, which I had announced in an email to our Andrews University community earlier that day.

As she talked with me on Thursday, Evelyn articulated her message and her concerns with painful and heartfelt clarity. It was disheartening to know that this oversight in our planning and preparation has caused Evelyn and others in our NHPI community here on campus so much pain. Even though it was hard to hear, I am so glad that Evelyn had the courage to come and speak with me directly about this egregious error on our part. It gave me a welcome opportunity to honestly acknowledge our error, to apologize for it, and also make tangible commitments to Evelyn and our NHPI community toward corrective action as we go forward. As Evelyn and I talked yesterday, I also thought that it was important for us to acknowledge this error publicly so that others in the NHPI community who were hurt by this error can hear from me, and from Andrews University, directly.

On behalf of the Office of Diversity & Inclusion here at Andrews University, I would like to formally and sincerely apologize for this significant oversight in our planning process for this month’s events, which are intended to better understand and celebrate all members of our AAPI community, including our NHPI students and employees. That oversight was not right and there are no excuses for it.

Facing that mistake reminded me that our Office of Diversity & Inclusion, and Andrews University as a whole, strives to create an equitable and inclusive environment on our campus where everyone feels that they belong. We have failed to make this a reality for the NHPI community, especially as we planned for this month of celebration and recognition, and for that, I am truly sorry. I want each member of our NHPI community here, and beyond our campus, to know that I am committed to ensuring that this office does much better going forward.

Please know that you are heard. You are valued. You are seen. You are a part of our family. Especially, please know that you are loved. This office commits to backing up those words with our actions.

In an effort to celebrate and affirm all of the members of the AAPI community—a community of Asians and Pacific Islanders whose countries of origin make up over 60 percent of the world’s population—I am sorry that we failed to see and affirm every part of its diverse makeup. I was reminded in my conversations with Evelyn that when we talk about the AAPI community here in the United States, the NHPI experience is unfortunately often overlooked, minimized and marginalized. In turn, I deeply regret that too often, the NHPI experience on our campus has also mirrored those painful realities in the broader U.S. experience. This conversation forcefully reminded me that we know we have to do better, and we must do better.

Once again, we will commit to the work that is necessary to do better and be more and increasingly inclusive of the NHPI experience going forward.

Specifically, in the coming weeks, I plan to continue meeting with Evelyn and other members of our Andrews University Samoan Club to work to define ways that we can honor, celebrate and affirm our NHPI students and employees. If you would like to be engaged in these discussions, please contact me (michaeln@andrews.edu) and I will be sure to keep you in the loop. As we move forward in this important task, no idea or contribution is too small. Please engage with me, and Andrews University, as we work together to chart a better path forward.

I want to close by once again thanking Evelyn for what she taught me in our Thursday conversation—not just through the strength of her words but also through the strength of her grace.

By the way, when Evelyn walked into my office yesterday, she walked in with a lei. Before sharing her words with me, she placed the lei on my neck as a sign of honor to me. I was struck by this act of humility and grace on her part. It of course reminded me of that graduation day act of honor by Mama Fau more than a decade ago. So, when Evelyn and I were done talking together, I shared my memory of Mama Fau and what she did for me on my graduation day.

As I was sharing this story, Evelyn literally stopped me and shared that Mama Fau is actually her aunt!

At that moment, the purpose of our meeting and the way Evelyn approached it hit even closer to home and touched my heart. Before she had a difficult but needed conversation with me, Evelyn took a moment to honor me with a beautiful lei that powerfully reminded me that I am a part of her family. I realized, especially at that moment, that when family members hurt, we hurt too. When family members need to be seen, affirmed, honored and celebrated, we need to see, affirm, honor and celebrate those family members. And just as importantly, when we treat family members poorly, we responsibly and humbly take ownership of our shortcomings, apologize and then do what is necessary to make it right.

So, with the fragrance and symbolism of that lei and the power of our conversation together, I look forward to continuing my conversations and work with Evelyn as she carries on the legacy of her aunt to ensure that our NHPI community knows without a shadow of a doubt that Andrews University is also their home and that they fully belong here.

Thank you, Evelyn. We will go forward together “with all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace” (Ephesians 4:2–3).

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

Rise Together: Celebrating Our AAPI Community

Posted on April 8, 2021

Dear friends,

As many of you may know, the United States has designated the month of May as a time to recognize and celebrate Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) Heritage Month.

"While they share some experiential commonalities, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are a vast and diverse community, some native to the United States, hailing from Hawaii and our Pacific Island territories," said President Barack Obama, as he recognized the significance of this heritage month. "Others trace their heritage to dozens of countries. All are treasured citizens who enrich our Nation in countless ways, and help fulfill the promise of the American dream which has drawn so many to our shores."

Unfortunately, since AAPI Heritage Month in May of each year falls during Andrews University’s summer semester and break, we have not typically had a specific official on-campus celebration during that month.

We’d like to approach that differently this year, and the Office of Diversity & Inclusion is collaborating with our Center for Faith Engagement, the Proximity Vespers team, as well as our Andrews Filipino International Association, our Southern Asia Student Association, our Andrews Society of Indonesian Students, and our Korean American Student Association to jointly host and present a series of events that I hope and pray will help us appropriately honor, celebrate and affirm Asian American and Pacific Islander heritage and culture. We are also grateful that the BSCF Impact team agreed to provide the Howard Performing Arts Center space for Proximity Vespers this Friday.

I hope you can join us at any (or all) of the events and especially for our "Rise Together" vespers this Friday evening. Here’s a list of this month’s events:

April 9: "Rise Together"
AAPI Heritage Vespers

  • Proximity Vespers (Livestream also available on YouTube and Facebook)
  • Howard Performing Arts Center, 7:30 p.m.
  • Seating is limited due to COVID-19 restrictions.

April 10: Pottalk
An AAPI Talk & Potluck (this event will be a follow-up and continuation of our March 22 town hall program, which focused on the need to successfully #StopAsianHate in our world and here in our own communities)

  • University Towers, 4:30 p.m. (Livestream also available on Zoom)
  • Seating is limited due to COVID-19 restrictions.
  • Pre-packaged food will be given to attendees on their way home.

April 10: "Once Upon a Time … in Bollywood"
A South Asian Celebration presented by SASA filled with songs, entertainment, snacks and more.

  • Newbold Auditorium (Buller Hall), 7 p.m.
  • Tickets are available here. All proceeds from the event will go to support the AAPI Community Fund.
  • Seating is limited due to COVID-19 restrictions.

April 16: "Tagumpay" Pilipino Culture Night 2021 presented by AFIA
Pilipino Culture Night (PCN) is an annual event AFIA holds to share Filipino culture through performative mediums. This year’s performance will be an original play written by one of our students!

  • Howard Performing Arts Center, 5 p.m. (doors open at 4:30 p.m.)
  • In-person & livestream tickets can be purchased here.
  • Due to University COVID-19 guidelines, seating is limited due to current COVID-19 restrictions for performances in the Howard Performing Arts Center. As a result, in-person attendance to this Pilipino Culture Night is limited to current University students, faculty and staff, and those living in the same household.
  • This production contains intense scenes and the use of a strobe light. Viewer discretion is advised.
  • Food, AFIA merchandise, and playbills will be sold after the play.
  • Proceeds from PCN will be donated to the organization Stop AAPI Hate.

I am so excited about celebrating and honoring AAPI heritage and culture with our entire Andrews University community.

This celebration is especially important now as we seek to understand and confront ongoing racism and violence against our Asian American and Pacific Islander communities here in the United States and throughout our world.

This incredible series of programs would not be possible without the talent, commitment, and creative energy of our AAPI students and employees.

As we prepare for this month of celebration, reflection and understanding, I want to specifically thank each one of you in those communities for taking the time and effort to invite us into your cultural spaces—especially right now—so that we can better understand, celebrate and appreciate who you are and what it is you experience on an everyday basis.

Once again, I invite our entire campus family to join us over the course of the next few weeks as we take the time to intentionally celebrate and fully honor the AAPI members of our community.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

Ending the Virus of Hatred

Posted on March 22, 2021

Dear friends,

Andrews University joins with the Seventh-day Adventist Church in North America, along with voices from across America and around the world, in fully, strongly condemning the recent acts of racism, violence and hatred directed toward the Asian American and Pacific Islander community.

In particular, we directly condemn the violent acts of a gunman who has been charged with killing eight people at Atlanta-area spas in Atlanta, Georgia, earlier this week. While the shooter's motive is not yet clear in his initial interviews with the police, the identity of the victims, which included six women of Asian descent, is a painful reminder of an alarming rise in anti-Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) hate crimes in the United States—a trend of hatred, violence and even death that must end. This week's incident is only another stark reminder of the pressing need to urgently root out and eliminate this viral pandemic of racism from our nation and world toward our AAPI brothers and sisters and for any other member of our community who experiences racism and acts of hatred and violence.

Over the last year, the coalition Stop AAPI (Asian American and Pacific Islander) Hate has tracked incidents of violence and harassment against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. In that yearlong study, released early this month, nearly 3,800 instances of discrimination had been reported against persons of Asian descent in the past 12 months—a number that is likely much higher.

Underreporting of these incidents can be due to a number of different factors including, but not limited to, language and cultural barriers, a lack of trust in law enforcement, as well as fears of retaliation in the AAPI community.

In particular, it would be a mistake to not also point out, especially during our celebration of Women's History Month, the fact that the majority of victims of recent hate crimes directed toward the AAPI community have been women.

Of the 3,800 persons to report anti-AAPI hate incidents recorded by Stop AAPI Hate between March 19, 2020, and Feb. 28, 2021, 68 percent of them were women. There clearly appears to be an intersectional dynamic in which hate-filled perpetrators of violence are perceiving women of AAPI descent as easier targets and are therefore targeting them at a much higher rate. This is part of a tragic legacy where Asian women are also at increased risk as objects of gender-based sexual violence.

On Feb. 10, 2020, I, along with our Office of International Student Services & Programs, released a Divino statement that launched our campus' #IAmNotAVirus campaign. This campaign was inspired by a global initiative early last year to combat xenophobic fears and racist tropes targeting persons of Asian descent within our community based on false information about the spread of COVID-19, which was just beginning to spread worldwide (at that point last year, there were only 43,000 cases and 1,000 deaths globally, and the disease had just been given the name COVID-19).

You may also remember from that Divino post that I received letters from members of our own University community who had been unfairly targeted on the basis of their Asian heritage. At that time, I called on us as a University community to seek to create spaces for our campus community to talk together more thoughtfully and carefully about how we can also celebrate and affirm Asian/Asian American students and employees. The message of that Divino post on #IAmNotAVirus led to a number of reports in local media and in social media shares around the world. It eventually even led to an interview with a newspaper in Hong Kong that had heard about the Divino post and the significance of the campaign to end hatred against Asians.

Once again, since February 2020 when that Divino post first appeared, the acts of hatred and violence against the AAPI community have only widened. Our society has also further marginalized our Asian brothers and sisters with the dismaying and widespread use of language like "China Flu" or "Kung Flu" throughout our society and sometimes even from global leaders—inappropriate language that has only further inflamed hatred against the Asian community.

I'm also grateful for what our faculty and staff can do to build community and understanding, especially in the face of racism and hatred. My colleague, Duane Covrig, shared a wonderful article last evening from the Christian Scholars Review website. Let me share a remarkable passage from that article, written by Paul Y. Kim, which I think describes an ethical and Christ-like response that a Christian community like Andrews University, a community made up of students, teachers and staff from around the world, should make in the face of hatred and violence like this:

"Students often choose to attend Christian colleges and universities based on the strong relationships that are possible with faculty; therefore, it behooves us to provide Christ-like love to our Asian and Asian American students, as they navigate a pandemic world that is filled with hurtful messaging and acts against their own community. Through our collective efforts as faculty, I hope that we can affirm our Asian and Asian American students as image bearers of God (Genesis 1:27), recognize them as an integral part of our learning communities who require a particular type of attention during this time (1 Corinthians 12:12–27), join in their grieving (Romans 12:15), and ultimately point students to the real hope that the diversity of God's family will be fully realized one day (Revelation 7:9–10)."

I look forward to continuing to talk with our entire Andrews University community, and to engage with the world we seek to change, as we seek to fully and truly listen to our AAPI brothers and sisters here on campus and around the world and find God-centered ways to pursue tangible and world-changing ways that we can together ensure our community is one where those individuals feel valued, affirmed, respected and supported—and protected always.

This coming Monday, March 22, at 8 p.m. in Newbold Auditorium, the Office of Diversity & Inclusion and the Center for Faith Engagement will jointly host a conversation that will give our community, including its students and employees, a space to process these recent events as well as discuss and explore tangible ways our campus community can engage in the movement to stop these acts of hate and violence toward the AAPI community.

With this Divino post, I've included a heartbreaking photo that I saw online last evening. The picture eloquently states the approach we should embrace as God's children and proponents of God's kingdom. In the picture, you'll see a young boy carrying a handwritten sign that simply says "Stop Racism! We are not a virus!" (Image Credit: Reuters)

That young boy is absolutely right.

Hate has no home here, either at Andrews University or around the world.

Grace and Peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

2021 Women's History Month Celebration

Posted on March 18, 2021


As the month of March begins, it is my distinct privilege to take a few moments to formally recognize Women's History Month. This annual recognition of women's history first began in 1980 as Women's History Week through a proclamation by President Jimmy Carter. Since 1995, it has been recognized as a month-long celebration. Women's History Month is now an annual opportunity for all of us to remember that the achievements, leadership, courage, strength and love of the women who built America were, in the words of President Carter, "as vital as that of the men whose names we know so well."

Since many of the women's suffrage centennial celebrations originally scheduled for 2020 were curtailed, the National Women's History Alliance (NWHA) is extending the annual theme for 2021 to "Valiant Women of the Vote: Refusing to be Silenced." The NWHA explained this theme was first chosen last year in order to celebrate "the brave women who fought to win suffrage rights for women, and for the women who continue to fight for the voting rights of others."

This theme also brings to mind the powerful Women's Suffrage Movement in the early 1900s, which ultimately led to the creation of the 19th Amendment securing women’s right to vote. More recently, this also brings to mind the many women who continued to fight in the 1960s for legislation such as the Voting Rights Act, which helped ensure that the voting rights of women of all racial and ethnic backgrounds were secured and protected.

This year, International Women's Day is on Monday, March 8. The theme is #ChooseToChallenge. The #ChooseToChallenge theme notes that "a challenged world is an alert world. Individually, we're all responsible for our own thoughts and actions—all day, every day. We can all choose to challenge and call out gender bias and inequality. We can all choose to seek out and celebrate women's achievements. Collectively, we can all help create an inclusive world. From challenge comes change, so let's all choose to challenge."

As we recognize the significant achievements of women throughout the world and history, this is a list of some of the Andrews University events available for you to participate in throughout this month:

March 5: Identity Vespers

  • Proximity (PMC Chapel)
  • 7:30 p.m.

March 9, 23, 30: Women's History Tuesday Choices

  • Zoom Link TBA
  • 11:30 a.m.–12:30 p.m.
  • Co-curricular credit available

March 13: WEAAU X BSCF Movie Night

  • "Hidden Figures" Movie Screening
  • Location TBA
  • 7 p.m.

The Women's Empowerment Association of Andrews University (WEAAU) will be announcing these and other events on Instagram throughout the month with more details. You can find their Instagram page @we.aau here.

New Life Fellowship will also be presenting a Women’s History Month Series titled "Insecure." This special series will take place during their Sabbath morning worship services throughout the month of March at 11:30 a.m. in the Howard Performing Arts Center. Speakers will include Chaplain Danielle Pilgrim, Gena Gordon and former University Chaplain June Price. These services will also stream live on New Life Fellowship's Facebook and YouTube pages. 

Social Sciences for Social Justice is also planning to host two panel discussions on women's history within the social sciences and why it matters. The panels will be offered on March 23 and 30, from 11:30 a.m.–12:15 p.m., as part of the Tuesday Choices program. These panel discussions will feature one female faculty member from each of the following disciplines: anthropology, sociology, social work and psychology.

There are also some exciting programs happening in our surrounding communities during March. The Liu Institute for Asia and Asian Studies at the University of Notre Dame will be hosting social justice activist Ai-jen Poo for Notre Dame’s first Asian American Distinguished Speakers Series in a livestream conversation on March 11 at 7 p.m. A former McArthur "Genius" fellow, Ai-jen Poo is a thought leader and activist for caregiving, domestic work and other social justice issues. You can find more information about this March 11 event here.

As I close this note, I would like to take an opportunity to specifically thank all of the wonderful women that make Andrews such a great place to work, learn, worship and commune. All of your contributions to our campus community have always been, and continue to be, so critical to our experiences and shared journeys here. It is my hope that this Women's History Month will be an opportunity to honor, celebrate and reaffirm how much we appreciate each and every one of you.

I look forward to this month's celebration and hope to see you at some of the events.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

MLK Day 2021 Celebration

Posted on January 15, 2021

“I propose that you, Mr. President, declare [a] state of moral emergency …
The hour calls for high moral grandeur and spiritual audacity.”
—Rabbi Abraham Heschel

These words are the heart of a message that Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel sent by telegram to President John F. Kennedy Jr. on June 16, 1963, in advance of their meeting scheduled for the next day. In his telegram, Rabbi Heschel was lamenting the state of affairs at the time within our country as they related to the pressing moral issues of justice and equity. Heschel urged President Kennedy to “demand of religious leaders personal involvement and not just solemn declaration … church[es] and synagogues have failed. They must repent.”

Although Heschel escaped the genocidal wrath of the Nazi regime during the Holocaust, his mother and three of his four sisters as well as numerous members of his extended family were killed. Not only did Heschel endure all of those things; he also endured the frustration of seeing people all across Europe (and around the world) do nothing as millions of Jews and others were killed during the Holocaust. With this context in mind, Heschel saw the inaction and apathy that existed in America in the 1960s with prophetic clarity. As a result, he committed his life as a scholar, theologian, teacher and author to consistently shed light on the atrocities being committed against marginalized and oppressed people in general, and the American descendants of enslaved persons in particular, a tragic legacy that stretches back to 1619 (see The New York Times “The 1619 Project” for more information on the history of enslaved Black Americans).

Heschel is also well known to the Seventh-day Adventist community for his powerful work on the Sabbath. In his book on the Sabbath, Heschel wrote, “The Sabbath is the most precious present mankind has received from the treasure house of God. All week we think: The spirit is too far away, and we succumb to spiritual absenteeism, or at best we pray: Send us a little of Thy spirit. On the Sabbath, the spirit stands and pleads: Accept all excellence from me.”

The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. considered his friend, Rabbi Heschel, “one of the truly great men of his day” and a “great prophet.” King valued Heschel’s messages to many Jewish Americans and African Americans which promoted the idea that each person and group had a responsibility for each other’s liberation and for the plight of all suffering fellow humans around the world. Further, King and Heschel would provide keynote addresses at many of the same functions, and Heschel also marched alongside King, John Lewis and others across the Edmund Pettus bridge during the famous voting rights march from Selma to Montgomery in 1965.

King’s and Heschel’s shared and committed examples of advocacy were not just for the self but also for the other as they stood in solidarity in the fight to liberate all humans around the world. That advocacy remains as a powerful reminder of the fact that we, as King said, “... are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be, and you can never be what you ought to be until I am what I ought to be … This is the interrelated structure of reality.”

This year, the MLK Planning Committee, under the direction of committee chair Paulette Johnson, has chosen the theme “Spiritual Audacity: The Moral Response.” Heschel’s call for a declaration of a state of moral emergency nearly 60 years ago still seems tragically relevant and appropriate today. So, as we gather together next week to honor the life of Dr. King, we will also explore what the moral response should be in the wake of the awful attack against the United States Capitol building last week, an act of domestic terrorism that has left our nation reeling. In this current and challenging context, what might spiritual audacity look and sound like in our own day and age and in response to acts of violence in our world?

Our MLK Celebration will begin with a virtual University Forum Zoom webinar at 10:30 a.m. on Monday, Jan. 18. It will also be streamed live on the Andrews University YouTube Channel. Our keynote speaker will be Martin Doblmeier, a documentary filmmaker who has produced a series of three films called “Prophetic Voices” which highlighted the lives of Dorothy Day, Howard Thurman and Abraham Heschel. Doblmeier is the founder and president of Journey Films, a documentary film production company in Alexandria, Virginia, with a focus on religion, faith and spirituality. He has produced 35 major documentary films that have been broadcast mostly on PBS but also on many other outlets. His films include BONHOEFFER about the famed pastor and Nazi resister, The Power of Forgiveness, and three films about Seventh-day Adventists. Martin has three regional Emmy Awards and eight Gabriel Awards for the best film on a topic of religion. He also has three honorary degrees for his work, including a degree from Andrews University.

Our celebration will continue Monday afternoon with a premiere screening of Martin Doblmeier's final documentary in the Prophetic Voices trilogy, “Spiritual Audacity: The Abraham Heschel Story,” from 2:30–3:30 p.m. EST on the Andrews University YouTube Channel. The documentary will not be available on the AU YouTube channel following the premiere. However, it will be released on DVD later this month and will air on PBS later this spring.

Immediately following the premiere, a panel discussion with the filmmaker, Martin Doblmeier, will be held as a separate event from 3:30–4:30 p.m. on Zoom Webinar. It will also be streamed live on the Andrews University YouTube Channel. Viewers of the documentary will be instructed on how to join the panel discussion prior to and following the screening. Members of the panel include:

  • Willie E. Hucks, chair, Department of Christian Ministry (moderator)
  • Martin Doblmeier, filmmaker
  • Rabbi Dan Levin, senior rabbi of Temple Beth El in Boca Raton, Florida
  • Jacques B. Douhkan, professor emeritus of Hebrew and Old Testament exegesis; director, Institute of Jewish-Christian Studies; general editor, SDA International Bible Commentary
  • Vanessa Corredera, chair, Department of English
  • Keila Carmona, graduate student in Young Adults & Youth Ministry and Social Work

Also next week, Tuesday, Jan. 19, marks the 5th Annual National Day of Racial Healing. In light of last week’s attack on our nation’s Capitol building, we recognize that many in our community need a space to process what they are feeling. In keeping with the theme of this day, our Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation Campus Center is partnering with the Center for Faith Engagement to provide a template for story circle discussions. We hope that this format will provide an intentional virtual space for sharing within smaller groups across our campus that will allow the opportunity for much needed deep reflection and empathetic listening rooted in the power of each of our own stories. 

If you are interested in facilitating one of these discussions with your department, fellow students, or co-workers, please feel free to download the materials here. Make sure you are logged into your University Google Drive account before accessing the materials. We are encouraging everyone to participate in this at 11:30 a.m., but feel free to select the time that works best for you. If you have any other questions or comments, feel free to email me (michaeln@andrews.edu) and/or Chaplain Bourget (bourget@andrews.edu).

We look forward to celebrating the legacy of Dr. King next week by highlighting the powerful ministry of Rabbi Heschel as well as reflecting on our personal journeys. We hope that the spiritual audacity shown by King and Heschel, in the face of insurmountable odds, will inspire us as we consider what our moral response should be in these complex and difficult times that we face.

As the old African proverb states, “If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.” King and Heschel understood the necessity of going together—even though that path can be more difficult and take much longer. In the end, they knew, and we can be sure, that going together will take us much further along the path to true liberty, justice and equity for all. I look forward to walking together with you as we take that journey, one deliberate step at a time.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

Holiday Invitation to Honor and Value Diversity

Posted on November 17, 2020

Nov. 17, 2020

Dear friends,

What a year 2020 has been! As we near the end of our fall semester here at Andrews University, I wanted to pause and take a moment to give you all this invitation to take the opportunity to think about how everyone in our global community celebrates some of these important moments and days during the upcoming holiday season as we move toward the closing weeks of 2020.

These are all times when we as family, friends and fellow community members come together and express gratitude for all God has done throughout the year and look forward to what the upcoming year may have in store. However, it is also a time when we remember all of those around us who are less fortunate than we may be—a remembrance that motivates us into action so we can fill any voids that may exist and be the family and community they so desperately need. 

In that spirit of remembering, here are some ways we can honor and value those who are around us during this holiday season:


  • National Native American Heritage Month: The community of Native Americans incorporates hundreds of different tribes and approximately 250 languages. This observance was launched in 1976 as Native American Awareness Week. In 1990, Congress and President George H.W. Bush expanded this annual observance, designating November as National Native American Heritage Month, which is intended to celebrate and provide education on the history and contributions of Native Americans. This year’s theme is “Resilient and Enduring: We are Native People.” I also think it is extremely important that we recognize and acknowledge that our Berrien Springs campus sits on land that was part of a larger area here in Michigan and elsewhere that was seized from land owned by the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi tribe. As is stated on the Potawatomi website, “Each indigenous nation has its own creation story.” This land seizure was driven by the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, which established the conditions for the removal of the Potawatomi from the Great Lakes area. When Michigan became a state in 1837, more pressure was put on the Potawatomi to move west. The hazardous trip killed one out of every ten people of the approximately 500 Potawatomi involved. As news of the terrible trip spread, some bands, consisting of small groups of families, fled to northern Michigan and Canada. Some also tried to take refuge in the forests and swamps of southwestern Michigan. The U.S. government sent soldiers to round up any of the Potawatomi they could find and would then move them at gunpoint to reservations in the west. This forced removal is now called the Potawatomi Trail of Death, similar to the more familiar Cherokee Trail of Tears. However, a small group of Neshnabek (meaning “original” or “true people”), with Leopold Pokagon as one of their leaders, earned the right to remain in their original homeland, in part because they had demonstrated a strong attachment to Catholicism. It is the descendants of that small group who constitute the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi. This was a sad extension of the deeply harmful effects of what has become known as the “Doctrine of Discovery,” which established a spiritual, political and legal justification for colonization and seizure of land not inhabited by Christians. To learn more about the Pokagon tribe, please go here.


  • Movember: Movember is an annual event which involves the growing of moustaches during the month of November to raise awareness of men’s health issues, such as prostate cancer, testicular cancer and men’s suicide. By encouraging men to get involved, Movember aims to increase early cancer detection, diagnosis and effective treatments and ultimately reduce the number of preventable deaths. Besides annual check-ups, the Movember Foundation encourages men to be aware of family history of cancer and to adopt a healthier lifestyle.


  • Veterans Day (Nov. 11): Veterans Day is a U.S. federal holiday honoring military veterans. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, we conducted our Veterans Day celebration virtually on the Andrews University Facebook page. The keynote speaker was our very own James J. North Jr. This annual service is coordinated by our Office of Veterans Affairs Services. This date is also celebrated as Armistice Day, or Remembrance Day, in other parts of the world and commemorates the ending of World War I in 1918.

  • Transgender Day of Remembrance (Nov. 20): Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDoR) is observed annually on Nov. 20. This is a day to memorialize those who have been killed during the previous year as a result of anti-transgender violence and to bring attention to the continued violence endured by the transgender community around the world. As was a major point of emphasis during this past summer’s global reckoning on racial justice, we especially think of the Black transgender women who sadly make up the majority of those who are killed in the transgender community on a yearly basis. For more information on how our campus seeks to create dialogue and care around this and related issues, please go here

  • Thanksgiving (Nov. 26): It may appear ironic to some that at the end of a month in which we are called to honor the history and contributions of Native Americans, we celebrate a holiday that has been clouded with controversy and narrative-altering since its inception. Thanksgiving is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of every November and is geared toward giving thanks for the blessings received during the year. I would urge us to remember that while there is good intent behind this goal—to spend time with family and give thanks to God for what He has done—it does not tell the holiday’s whole story. Since 1970, Native Americans have commemorated Thanksgiving by observing it as a National Day of Mourning. Each year, hundreds of Native Americans and allies gather at Cole’s Hill in Plymouth, Massachusetts, to honor Native American ancestors who died due to the European invasion and to expose the awful history behind this November holiday. The National Day of Mourning’s organizers hope to shine a light on modern issues facing Native Americans today, as well as bring more awareness to the real and full story behind Thanksgiving. I invite you to take the opportunity at your Thanksgiving dinner table to reflect a bit more deeply on these difficult, unsettling truths. Read more about the National Day of Mourning here. If you would like guides on how to discuss these topics with your family or younger children, go here


  • World AIDS Day (Dec. 1): World AIDS Day is an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness. Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first-ever global health day. Globally, there are an estimated 36.7 million people who have HIV. Despite the virus only being identified in 1984, more than 35 million people have died of HIV or AIDS, making it one of the most destructive diseases in history.

  • International Day of People With Disabilities (Dec. 3): Since its inception in 1945, the United Nations (UN) has outlined and reiterated its commitment to calling for the creation of inclusive, accessible and sustainable societies and communities—most notably with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Over time, the UN has honed its focus on promoting the wellbeing and welfare of people living with disabilities, and in 1992 it called for an international day of celebration for people living with disabilities to be held on Dec. 3 each year. Learn more about this day of celebration here

  • International Human Rights Day (Dec. 10): Human Rights Day is observed every year on Dec. 10—the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a milestone document that proclaimed the inalienable rights which everyone is inherently entitled to as a human being—regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. It is the most translated document in the world, available in more than 500 languages

  • Hanukkah (Dec. 22–30): The eight-day Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates the rededication during the second century B.C. of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, where, according to legend, Jews had risen up against their Greek-Syrian oppressors in the Maccabean Revolt. Hanukkah, which means “dedication” in Hebrew, begins on the 25th of Kislev on the Hebrew calendar and usually falls in November or December. Often called the Festival of Lights, the holiday is celebrated with the lighting of the menorah, traditional foods, games and gifts. 

  • Christmas (Dec. 25): While it would be impossible to list them all, there are so many beautiful Christmas celebrations that take place all around the world celebrating the birth of Christ. For a plethora of examples of how Christmas is celebrated, I encourage you to go here. What is your favorite Christmas tradition? Feel free to leave some feedback in the comments section below this Agenda post, or send us a note (diversity@andrews.edu).

  • Kwanzaa (Dec. 26–Jan. 1): Maulana Karenga, professor and chair of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach, created Kwanzaa in 1966. After the Watts riots in Los Angeles, Karenga searched for ways to bring African Americans together as a community. He founded US, a cultural organization, and started to research African “first fruit” (harvest) celebrations. Karenga combined aspects of several different harvest celebrations, such as those of the Ashanti and Zulu, to form the basis of Kwanzaa. The name Kwanzaa is derived from the phrase “matunda ya kwanza” which means “first fruits” in Swahili. Each family celebrates Kwanzaa in its own way, but celebrations often include songs and dances, storytelling, poetry reading and a large traditional meal. On each of the seven nights, the family gathers and a child lights one of the candles on the Kinara (candleholder), then one of the seven principles is discussed. The principles, called the Nguzo Saba (“seven principles” in Swahili) are values of African culture which contribute to building and reinforcing community among African Americans. Kwanzaa also has seven basic symbols which represent values and concepts reflective of African culture. An African feast, called a Karamu, is held on Dec. 31.

As we enter this holiday season, I hope this invitation and these reminders of our shared history and journeys—some of them heartbreaking and against God’s plans for His children—have inspired you to perhaps approach the way that you celebrate and understand these weeks and the holidays they contain a bit differently.

While it is important to have fun and to unwind, I again invite you to take the opportunity, both individually and collectively, to reflect on the history that is at the foundation of these holidays we love and celebrate. They are all important opportunities for us to lean into the stories that make us all unique and valuable as we seek to understand the collective journeys that have led us all to this beloved community. 

Grace, peace and love to you all during this holiday season of remembrance.

Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion


Thank you for this insightful invitation.
Posted by: Anonymous
11/18/2020 at 3:42 PM
Thank you for this insightful invitation.
Posted by: Anonymous
11/18/2020 at 3:42 PM

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Celebrating Filipino American History Month

Posted on October 7, 2020

Image credit: Miti | Unsplash


In 1992, the Filipino American National Historical Society (FANHS) first introduced October as Filipino American History Month with a resolution from the FANHS National Board of Trustees. The celebration commemorates the first recorded presence of Filipinos in the continental United States, which occurred on Oct. 18, 1587, when “Luzones Indios” came ashore from the Spanish galleon Nuestra Senora de Esperanza and landed at what is now Morro Bay, California. The U.S. Congress recognized October as Filipino American History Month in 2009.

This year, the FANHS has chosen the theme “Filipino Americans: Making History for 425 Years” for this October’s Filipino American History Month commemorations across the nation. Our Andrews Filipino International Association (AFIA) has chosen “Lumipad” which translates “to fly” as our campus theme for the month. We are grateful for their leadership in putting together celebratory events for this month.

Here is a list of celebratory events for the month:

Friday, Oct. 9: AFIA & Makarios Proximity Vespers, PMC

Tuesday Co-curricular Programs: Learn about important Filipino-American figures and how they took flight and paved their own path in history.

  • Oct. 6: The History of Filipino American History Month
  • Oct. 13: Fel Del Mundo: National Scientist of the Philippines
  • Oct. 20: Jose Calugas and Larry Itilong: Two Different Heroes, Two Different Times

All co-curricular programs are at 11:30 a.m. Zoom information (for all programs)—Meeting ID: 970 2927 2896

I look forward to celebrating with all of you as we take the opportunity as a campus to affirm and appreciate the contributions of the Filipino community to our campus, church, this country, and the world.

Civility and Political Speech at Andrews

Posted on September 23, 2020


With just about five weeks left until the upcoming U.S. November 2020 elections, I thought it would be good to provide a specific framework of best practices, and some context for political activity and speech on our campus, for these final weeks before this nation’s elections.

As several of us have shared in recent campus messages, we want to encourage all members of our campus community to thoughtfully and prayerfully consider their own engagement in our national political process. In fact, we believe that being good citizens is a vital part of our witness as World Changers.

As we pursue meaningful engagement in our political processes in these complicated times, with no shortage of challenging issues for our country and community, here are some key concepts that should be helpful for each one of us in this Andrews University community:

  1. Civility: Civility is claiming and caring for one’s identity, needs and beliefs without degrading someone else’s character and expertise in the process. Political discussion, particularly where differences of opinion are being expressed, should always be done in a civil manner that does not devolve into ad hominem attacks (that is, attacking the person, rather than her or his position) or the degradation of each other’s character and reputation.
  2. Respect: Civil discourse is characterized by respect for all and seeks to avoid any intentional discomfort to others in our speech and expression. This does not mean that discourse will never be uncomfortable, but creating discomfort and dissension should not be anyone’s primary goal in political discussions on our campus. We should always have strong, well-informed opinions while also honoring the dignity of those who differ from us.
  3. Love: Our regard for the dignity of others should be expressed in the loving manner in which we both speak and listen to others. “Instead, we will speak the truth in love, growing in every way more and more like Christ, who is the head of His body, the church.” Ephesians 4:15 NLT

With these key concepts in mind, and after referencing this additional helpful resource on voting and political engagement that comes from the Ellen G. White Estate, I’d like to strongly urge that each member of our Andrews University community adhere to the following principles and practices:

  • No partisan campaign materials (signs, stickers, buttons, candidate campaign slogans, party platform documents, etc.) should be displayed on University bulletin boards, office doors, interior or exterior walls, etc. This guideline would not prevent someone from having such materials displayed on their private, personal property, such as a vehicle. However, individuals must carefully consider how their public partisanship on campus can impact their effectiveness within our University community.
  • No partisan political campaign events should be conducted on campus. This includes, but is not limited to, inviting political candidates or their surrogates to our campus for such a purpose.
  • Campus events discussing political activity and/or engagement (voting, political issues, ballot items) should be strictly non-partisan and should provide multiple viewpoints and perspectives and push no particular partisan agenda.
  • All voter registration initiatives should be strictly non-partisan. Any activity to the contrary should be reported to our Division of Campus & Student Life.

Once more, Andrews University would like to reiterate our desire that you thoughtfully and prayerfully consider engaging, or continuing to engage, in the national political process to the extent that you are convicted to do so.

This kind of engagement is an indelible part of our legacy as Adventists. At the historic May 1865 annual session of the General Conference (only the third GC session for the young Adventist Church), delegates such as J.N. Andrews, Uriah Smith, M.E. Cornell, J.N. Loughborough, J.H. Waggoner, Joseph Bates, I.D. Van Horn, James and E.G. White passed the following resolution on the topic of voting and political engagement:

"Resolved, That in our judgment, the act of voting when exercised in behalf of justice, humanity and right, is in itself blameless, and may be at some times highly proper; but that the casting of any vote that shall strengthen the cause of such crimes as intemperance, insurrection, and slavery, we regard as highly criminal in the sight of Heaven. But we would deprecate any participation in the spirit of party strife."

General Conference Session, May 23, 1865

I’d like to invite you to act in keeping with this powerful legacy of moral, ethical and civil engagement in our political process.

If you’d like to have more information on your eligibility to vote in the upcoming election, please see here.

I want to encourage and thank you again for your prayerful and thoughtful engagement in this year’s U.S. elections, along with the opportunities that these elections represent for our country and its citizens as it votes for its leaders.

2020 Hispanic Heritage Month Celebration

Posted on September 14, 2020


For more than three decades, beginning in 1988, Americans have observed National Hispanic Heritage Month during the 30-day period of Sept. 15–Oct. 15.

In particular, Sept. 15 holds a special level of significance in the Hispanic community because it commemorates the anniversary of the independence of the countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively. We also think of our Brazilian community during this time of the year, as they commemorated their independence on Sept. 7. Later in our heritage month, countries such as Belize (Sept. 21) and Spain (Oct. 12) also celebrate their independence.

As this month of recognition begins, I would like to invite you all to join our campus community as Andrews University celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month under this year's theme: “Unidos in the time of COVID-19.”

The global COVID-19 pandemic has affected and continues to affect each one of us in a variety of ways. As we discussed during our online Social Consciousness summit this past April, the pandemic has sadly had a disproportionate impact on Latina/o and African American communities. In spite of all of the difficulties and hardships that could work to divide us, our Hispanic Heritage Month planning committee aims to celebrate the strength and resolve that persists within the Latina/o community and which pushes and inspires that community to continue to endure and thrive as a people. You can find more detailed information about Andrews University’s celebration on our Hispanic Heritage Month website.

As a special kickoff for our Hispanic Heritage Month, I would like to highlight a co-curricular opportunity that will take place tomorrow on the Andrews University Facebook page and YouTube channel. The Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation (TRHT) Campus Center co-curricular series will kick off tomorrow at 11:30 a.m. with a program called “The Brown Church: An Interview with Daniel Duffis.” Born on the Colombian island of San Andrés, Daniel currently works for the Department of World Mission at the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, where he completed his MDiv (2016) and is also pursuing his PhD in mission and intercultural theology.

This conversation with Pastor Duffis has been sparked by the recently released book titled “Brown Church: Five Centuries of Latina/o Social Justice, Theology, and Identity” written by Robert Chao Romero. Romero describes the “Brown Church” as “a prophetic ecclesial community of Latinas/os that has contested racial and social injustice in Latin America and the United States for the past 500 years. As such, Brown Church is a multivalent category, encompassing ethnic, historical, theological, spiritual, and sociopolitical dimensions. In every instance of racial and social injustice in Latin America and the United States over the centuries, the Brown Church has arisen to challenge the religious, socioeconomic, and political status quo...The Brown Church has done all of this in the name of Jesus.”

In this conversation, Pastor Duffis will highlight Romero’s uplifting of theologians such as Bartolomé de Las Casas, Gustavo Gutiérrez, Justo González, Ada María Isasi-Díaz, Elizabeth Conde-Frazier and E. René Padilla who have challenged narrow and unbiblical views of the gospel and proclaimed that Jesus has come to save, redeem and transform every aspect of our lives and the world.

On October 2 and 3, we are excited to have José Rojas join us virtually for the Proximity Vespers and Latino Sabbath services. As you may know, Pastor Rojas is certainly one of the pre-eminent voices in Adventism who has helped to shape the spiritual journey of Latina/o Seventh-day Adventists around the globe.

Here is a schedule of other events planned for Hispanic Heritage Month:

Monday, Sept. 14—Lunes Latino: Bonfire
Time: 7:30 p.m.
Location: Alumni House
Campus COVID-19 guidelines on group gatherings will be honored

Tuesday, Sept. 15—Unidos Through COVID-19 (international edition)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 250
Zoom link: andrews.zoom.us/j/91824562837
Looking into the impact of COVID-19 on students both here and abroad

Tuesday, Sept. 15—The Brown Church: An Interview with Daniel Duffis
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Online
Program link: Andrews University Facebook page and YouTube channel
This is the kick-off of the Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation (TRHT) Campus Center co-curricular series

Saturday, Sept. 19—Movie Night: Selena
Time: 8:30 p.m.
Location: Newbold Auditorium
Campus COVID-19 guidelines on group gatherings will be honored

Tuesday, Sept. 22—Unidos Through Ethnicity
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 250
Zoom link: andrews.zoom.us/j/91824562837
Discussing the discrepancy between race and ethnicity and how to identify as a Latino

Tuesday, Sept. 29—Unidos Through Politics
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Buller 250
Zoom link: andrews.zoom.us/j/91824562837
Discussing the importance of the Latino voice during elections

Friday, Oct. 2—Latino Vespers (Proximity)
Time: 7:30 p.m.
Location: PMC
Speaker: José Rojas

Saturday, Oct. 3—Latino Sabbath (Makarios)
Time: 11:30 a.m.
Location: Seminary Chapel
Speaker: José Rojas

Monday, Oct. 5—Lunes Latino: Religion in the Life of Latinos
Time: 7:30 p.m.
Location: PMC Commons
Campus COVID-19 guidelines on group gatherings will be honored

Monday, Oct. 5–Friday, Oct. 9—Spirit Week

Monday—Flag day
Tuesday—Celebrity day
Wednesday—Telenovela day
Thursday—Spanish meme day
Friday—Traje típico/National Outfit

Friday, Oct. 9—Makarios Vespers
Time: 7:30 p.m.
Location: TBA

Saturday, Oct. 10—Noche Latina/Latin Night
Time: 8 p.m.
Location: Tent outside Marsh Hall

I look forward to celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month with all of you as we take the opportunity as a campus to celebrate, affirm and appreciate the contributions of Hispanics to our campus, our country, and our world.


Michael Nixon
Vice President for Diversity & Inclusion

March on Washington Commemoration

Posted on August 28, 2020

Image credit: Everett Collection/Shutterstock.com

March on Washington Commemoration: The Importance of Voting

Dear friends:

Earlier this week I shared information regarding the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment including the exemplary contributions to the women’s suffrage movement by pioneers such as Susan B. Anthony, Fannie Lou Hamer and Jovita Idar. For additional details on that topic, I invite you to read the Divino blog.

Today marks the 57th anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington where Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Dr. King painted a masterful portrait of his dream that one day America would truly live up to the full meaning of its creed—we hold these truths to be self-evident that all [persons] are created equal. During this speech, he made a lesser-referenced statement on the importance of voting. As I shared with you during my statement commemorating the ratification of the 19th Amendment, this was at a time that African Americans were still not being given the right to vote.

Dr. King said this: “We cannot be satisfied as long as [an African American] in Mississippi cannot vote and [an African American] in New York believes [they have] nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.” Six years prior to that, Dr. King delivered a lesser-known speech at the same location titled “Give Us the Ballot.” At that critical juncture in our country’s history, Dr. King said, “In this juncture of our nation’s history, there is an urgent need for dedicated and courageous leadership.”

I believe that our nation still has this very urgent need for dedicated and courageous leadership. At a time where we here at Andrews University, along with voices all around the world, are proclaiming that Black Lives Matter, we need leaders who will dedicate their time and efforts to being courageous seekers and doers of justice. While so many of us are still crying out for justice for Breonna Taylor, George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery and countless others, we have been angered and saddened once again as we have witnessed yet another unarmed Black man, Jacob Blake, being shot multiple times in the back by a police officer in Wisconsin. We are reminded once again of our urgent, dire need for dedicated, courageous leadership.

As we continue to grapple with the pain and uncertainty that has been caused by the COVID-19 pandemic which has tragically claimed 820,000 lives globally, which includes 180,000 in America, we have an urgent need for dedicated, courageous leadership. There are so many other challenges that require such leadership it would be impossible to list them all. It is also important to remember that we should not place our unilateral trust in any particular political party or politician. Our engagement in the voting process should be informed by the values and principles that matter to us, our families and communities as opposed to just the platform of any particular political candidate or party.

At this moment it is important to remember what unites us all as opposed to the things that have the potential to divide us. Dr. King pointed back to an eternal hope that binds us all together as he talked about his famous dream: “I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. This is our hope.” As Wayne Hooper’s hymn declares, “we have this hope that burns within our hearts, hope in the coming of the Lord!”

Dr. King recognized that this eternal hope in Christ’s return should motivate us to make things better in the here and now: “With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.”

Having considered all of this, we are reminded of how important it is to make sure that we exercise our right to vote. Not only has this right been fought for by men and women throughout this country’s history but the challenges that we face as a nation have created this urgent need for leadership that is ready to meet those challenges with dedication and courage.

We will provide more communication to assist you in making an informed decision in the coming months, but we wanted to begin by making sure all of you in our campus community have the information you need to get registered. As you know, Election Day is officially on Tuesday, November 3, when Americans will go to the polls and vote for local, state and national candidates. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there are several parameters in place to make sure you are able to exercise your right to vote in a safe and effective manner. Here is some key information:


In order to participate in this election, you must:

  • Be 18 years of age before November 3, 2020
  • Be a citizen of the United States
  • Be a registered voter in the state where you will vote (please note: each state has its own voter registration deadlines)

If you are an international student or a permanent resident (green card holder), you are not eligible to vote, even if you may have received a voter registration card in the mail by mistake.


Many out-of-state college students wonder whether they should vote in their home state or in the state where they go to school. The short answer is that the choice is legally yours. However, here are a few things to keep in mind.

  • Michigan requires that you reside in the state at least 30 days before registering to vote.
  • You can register in your home state or in the state where you go to school, but you may not register to vote in both states.
  • Registering in your home state often requires requesting and submitting an absentee ballot. Rules and deadlines for absentee voting vary state by state.
  • If you have scholarships that require residency in a particular state, you should check with your financial aid advisor before registering to vote in a different state—just to ensure that it will not affect your scholarship. However, where you vote will not affect your federal financial aid.
  • Students sometimes think that registering to vote in a different state from their parents will make them lose their dependency status. This is not true. Where you register to vote will have no effect on your parents’ tax status.


Yes! If you would like to check if you are already registered to vote in Michigan (or another state), you can do that here.


Two great resources for college students who are deciding where to register and how to vote are Rock the Vote and the Campus Vote Project. These sites link you to important information about registering and voting in all 50 states.


Should you choose to register in Michigan, the voter registration deadline is Monday, Oct. 19, 2020—53 days away. Registered Michigan voters have until Friday, Oct. 30, to request an absentee ballot. You can start either process online by going here.

You can also go to the Oronoko Township Office and register in person. This is also the place where you can drop off your absentee ballot in person instead of mailing it in.

  • The office address is 4583 E Snow Rd, Berrien Springs, MI 49103.
  • Michigan’s voter registration form asks for your Michigan driver’s license or Michigan ID number OR the last four digits of your Social Security Number. Be sure to provide one of these numbers.
  • You should also bring one of the following documents: a driver’s license or state-issued ID (from any state), a U.S. Passport or your birth certificate.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me at this email address or my colleague Steve Yeagley, associate vice president for Campus & Student Life (yeagley@andrews.edu). We want to assist every eligible student to exercise this important democratic right.

100th Anniversary of the 19th Amendment

Posted on August 26, 2020

Image credit: Mary Long/Shutterstock.com

Dear friends,

Today I wanted to take a moment to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which granted many women the right to vote. That Amendment was actually certified on this very day 100 years ago. This was a critical landmark in the then decades-long women’s suffrage movement in which men and women fought valiantly to ensure that most women were able to secure one of the critical rights that lies at the foundation of liberty and justice for all. 

We also commemorated this as we kicked off our Women’s History Month Celebration in March as the National Women’s History Alliance’s theme was “Valiant Women of the Vote.” So we take this moment to celebrate and affirm all of the brave women who bravely fought for the opportunity to more fully engage in our democratic process by securing the right to vote. Chief among them was Susan B. Anthony, who became one of the most visible faces of the women's suffrage movement. She sadly died in 1906, 14 years before the 19th Amendment's passage, but her legacy and contributions have surely resonated even up until this day. The passage of the 19th Amendment was undoubtedly one of the critical first steps taken toward women being more fully represented at all levels of political leadership—a journey that continues to this day.

The passage of the 19th Amendment also reminds us of our nuanced and complex history as a country. As crowning of an achievement as this was for women, the 19th Amendment did not extend the right to vote to every woman at that time. Similar to what transpired after the ratification of the 15th Amendment in 1870, which technically gave Black men the right to vote, southern states implemented intense voter suppression tactics such as poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses. Sadly, despite their tireless efforts on behalf of the women’s suffrage movement which sparked the 19th Amendment’s passage, Black women would have to wait four more decades until the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

They were not the only women who had to fight longer and harder to secure the right to vote. Native Americans were not granted the right to vote in all states until 1962. Asian Americans were not all granted the right to vote until the repealing of the 1952 Naturalization Act. It was not until 1975 that the Voting Rights Act was extended to protect against discrimination toward so-called “language minorities” which further secured the right to vote for Latinx voters. These challenges were another reminder of the old legal maxim that “justice delayed is justice denied.” Thankfully, women like Mary McLeod Bethune, Fannie Lou Hamer, Zitkala-Sa, Mabel Lee, Rosa Parks and Jovita Idar kept fighting even though the initial women’s suffrage movement did not secure voting rights for them.

Today, studies show that women typically vote at higher rates than men, and in the 2018 midterm election, 53 percent of those who voted were women. This example that has been set by women is another important reminder that the only thing more powerful than securing a right is having the ability (and taking the opportunity) to exercise it. Later this week, I will be sending out a separate message which will talk in more detail about the importance of us all exercising our right to vote as well as more information on voter eligibility and registration.

Juneteenth (also known as June 19th), 2020

Posted on June 19, 2020

Juneteenth (also known as June 19th), 2020


Over the past few weeks I have been asked many times how the tragic deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Armaud Arbery and now Rayshard Brooks, along with the protests that have rapidly spread in response to these killings around the United States and the world, have also impacted us at Andrews University.

On a personal level I have been outraged by the dispassionate and abusive use of authority and power that has resulted in the senseless killings of these three, now four Black lives. And yet strangely the phrase Black Lives Matter continues to cause debate over what this really means or implies. But this is not a time for debate, this is not a time for excuses, prevarications or words that are forged today and forgotten tomorrow. I’m convinced that we, corporately, as a nation and as a community, have a problem. Racism, here in the U.S. and wherever else it rears its head, directly leads to the sad repetition and heartache of such indefensible actions toward black individuals in our community. As a result, I believe that such systemic racism can only be resolved by corporate and intentional action.

Andrews University stands for anti-racism.

I know we do not get everything right and for that I am sorry. Each one of us, and Andrews University, needs to continue to focus on doing better.

However at the same time, I find myself greatly encouraged by the unparalleled level of instinctive and heartfelt response that I’ve seen from every corner of our campus community to recent events. I believe that these responses speak to Andrews University’s unified and passionate commitment to these issues. 

I’d like to share some of those statements and responses at length here.

There were two major statements released just over two weeks ago by Campus Ministries, the Office of Diversity & Inclusion and our Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary.

A joint statement released on May 25 by our vice president for Diversity & Inclusion, Michael Nixon, and our University chaplain, José Bourget, was titled “Righteousness, Justice More Powerful Than Hatred.” It was a statement that detailed a response of anger and disappointment to these unnecessary recent deaths. These colleagues noted that we must submit that anger about these deeply unjust deaths to God and actively seek His righteousness and His judgement.

Additionally, a joint statement, “No Excuses,” released by our Seminary dean, Jiri Moskala, and associate dean, Teresa Reeve, was released that same day. That statement grieved and deplored the truly unfair deaths of George Floyd and others. These deaths, our Seminary deans noted, are “evidence (of) the perpetuation of the long and deeply grounded history of racial injustice in North America. Every individual on this earth is created in the image of God and is our neighbor whom we are commanded to treat with love and respect.”

Our Department of Graduate Psychology & Counseling sent a joint letter to each of their students noting that “the Department of Graduate Psychology & Counseling, (wants) to channel our grief, hurt, anger, outrage, and pain into action...we are committed to use our expertise and knowledge within the field to educate individuals and to challenge institutions and society-at-large to dismantle systemic racism and replace it with systems that are equitable and inclusive.”

My colleague, Frances Faehner, our vice president for Campus & Student Life, wrote directly to our students, noting that Andrews University is “very concerned about how our national history of racism and inequality affects our students' emotional and spiritual health. We especially encourage you to take care of your spiritual, mental and emotional health during these troubling times.” She offered students the opportunity to connect with chaplains and counselors by text, in Zoom chats, as well as confidential counseling for those students who need extra support and care at these times of protest, fear and anger.

In an Instagram post from our student chapter of the American Institute of Architecture Students, those students wrote: “As architecture students, we learn to create places as solutions to problems that the world faces. We encourage you all to create safe places for people to feel comfort & hope in this time of need. It is our hope & prayer that the places we create, architecture students or not, will draw us all together in fellowship, & not in a war against one another.”

Last week, our physics and other STEM professors paused their research and teaching for a day as part of a national movement of scientists and teachers who were galvanized by recent events and participated in a one-day strike to reflect and respond to continued reports that minority researchers feel marginalized and disrespected, to acknowledge and begin to effectively address and ultimately end racism in the field of science.

Our School of Social Work offered a virtual vigil for Arbery, Taylor and Floyd, which was open to alumni across the country, current students and local partner organizations who gathered together online to remember, discuss action and pray together.

In a formal statement issued by the School of Social Work, the faculty of that school noted that “as Christians, we know God cares deeply for, and calls His people to care for those who are marginalized, oppressed, and mistreated. We look to the life and example of Jesus, who sought to address institutional and social oppression. Christians have a special obligation to identify and work to end violence and oppression in all its forms, even while knowing that the work will continue past our own lifetimes...those with privilege must stand in solidarity with the oppressed and mistreated.”

You may have also heard or read about a Peace Walk held in Berrien Springs a week ago this past Sunday, which was intended to express solidarity with those who are victims of police violence and called for an end to systemic injustices against the black community. The Peace Walk was organized by Berrien Springs High School teachers and students. More than 1,000 walked together on Sunday, including young families with kids in wagons and strollers, law enforcement officials from across the county, and several hundred Andrews employees and students.

One of our math professors, Anthony Bosman, joined in on the Peace Walk this past Sunday, and I was touched by his social media post a day after the event. He wrote that “there were so many transformative moments...one moment is still lingering with me: in the chanting, we moved from ‘black lives matter’ to ‘black students matter.’ That hit me hard and has me seriously reflecting on how I can better make my classroom a haven where students of color can feel respected and valued, as all students should be.” 

As I’ve read and thought about these statements and actions of our University community, along with many others I’ve not shared here, I realize the next question is a profound, urgent one:

But as we intentionally plan to turn words into action, what does this mean to Andrews University? How can we embrace and pursue truly meaningful action and lasting change in response to these tragic and awful deaths?

The foundation of our response, and an articulation of our overall ethic as an Adventist Christian community, is contained in a video we released last week.

In that video, I talked about the idea of being “World Changers for a changing world.” Here are the words I share at the video’s beginning:

“We can’t deny it. The world we live in will never be the same. But as our world changes, we also change here at Andrews University, because that’s what World Changers do.”

I believe these words are particularly relevant for our urgent and pain-filled current context, a current context where not only has COVID-19 brought a sense of community pain to us all but hatred and systemic racism have continued to seek to exert power and control over our disadvantaged and marginalized neighbors. And so how do we change to embrace and effectively respond to this current chapter of pain when it comes to racism?

First of all, we are taking up the challenge to institute a George Floyd Scholar program, beginning fall semester 2020, which will give a full scholarship to an African American student each year (valid for up to five years of study for each Scholar).

The recipient of this scholarship will be Pell eligible and will show her or his active engagement in creating hope and positive change in the community. At Andrews University, we want to use this investment in our students as a way to honor, seek and support future World Changers. In the next few weeks, we’ll share information on how students can apply for this scholarship, and how those who wish to donate to this new scholarship program can do so.

Also, as World Changers committed to the possibility of a world dedicated to justice and equality, Andrews University makes the following institutional commitments to all of our campus community both here in Berrien Springs and around the world, commitments that are driven by the values of God’s Kingdom.

  1. We will only be satisfied when Andrews University is a safe place for all and we will keep working until we ultimately reach that end.
  2. We commit to educating our Andrews University community on how to recognize their own unconscious bias, and how to listen openly to others.
  3. We will inspire our Andrews University graduates, our World Changers, to passionately model justice and equity in their own dealings and lead others with integrity, using power to uplift and inspire hope.

In total we are fully committed to becoming a truly anti-racist institution. We are committed to seek a world influenced by God’s kingdom, a world where humility, compassion and care are central.

Once again, these are unfortunately truly heartbreaking times in our world, times that are filled with anger and fear.

But I’m convinced that these can also be times of hope, and I believe that the World Changers who study and are inspired at Andrews University can and will articulate and pursue that hope for our entire world, as defined by our mission and purpose.

May God bless that journey as together we seek to impact a world that so desperately needs God’s answers, power and justice, now more than ever.

Andrea Luxton

P.S. If you’d like to join Andrews University on this journey of reflection and commitment to anti-racism, my colleague Michael Nixon, along with Tracy-Jean Khonje, Adair Kibble, Joffre St Hilaire, Kendra Arsenault, Brandon Shin,  Adoniah Simon, Lisa Kamilazi, Nikitha Nelapudi and Emerald Norman and several other students, faculty and staff have developed a set of resources for further reading on this topic. I’d like to share a few articles and websites from those recommendations below. 

You’ll also find the complete set anti-racism resources on our Andrews University Diversity website shortly:

Righteousness, Justice More Powerful Than Hatred

Posted on June 12, 2020


“Human anger does not produce the righteousness [justice] God desires. So get rid of all the filth and evil in your lives, and humbly accept the word God has planted in your hearts, for it has the power to save your souls. But don’t just listen to God’s word. You must do what it says. Otherwise, you are only fooling yourselves.” James 1:20-22, NLT (emphasis ours). 

During the remote learning period of this past spring semester, our team of chaplains led us through a powerful vespers series to end our pandemic-shortened school year called “The Disruption: Finding Joy in the Unknown.” The series took a closer look at the book of James as we wrestled through our ever-growing season of complexity and uncertainty. As a part of that series, I had the privilege of speaking on these verses towards the end of Chapter 1. As I reflected in the Friday night vespers on the realities of the COVID-19 pandemic’s threats to our lives, our communities, and our world, we certainly have a lot to be angry about. In my vespers talk, I wrestled with the assurance that God resonated with our anger as He invites us to channel that anger in a way that would produce the righteousness and justice that God desires. It remains a challenging and complex message for me to digest, and that complexity has only increased in recent weeks.

During this unsettling time, our country has been rocked yet again by the killing of unarmed Black citizens in this country.

First, earlier this month, a video of the February 23 killing of Ahmaud Arbery, in Brunswick, Ga., was leaked on May 5. It was not until two days after this video was released that the father and son involved in Arbery’s killing, Travis & Gregory McMichael, were arrested and subsequently charged with murder and aggravated assault. This past week, the motorist who took the video of the attack was also arrested for his involvement in the murder.

As I was still attempting to process the killing of Ahmaud, we were all also made aware of the killing on March 13, of Breonna Taylor, a former EMT working in Louisville, Ky. The killing occurred when Taylor was asleep in her apartment around 1 a.m. along with her boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, when three plainclothes police officers reportedly broke down Taylor’s apartment door while attempting to execute a “no-knock” search warrant and shot more than twenty bullets into the apartment. Eight of those bullets hit Taylor, killing her. Walker, who thought they were being robbed, called 911 immediately, grabbed his licensed firearm and shot one of the officers in the leg. Tragically, the warrant the officers were attempting to execute was actually for a house more than ten miles away from Taylor’s apartment, and the man that they were looking for with that warrant was already in custody, as were the drugs and firearms that the police were looking for. Taylor and Walker both had no criminal history.

Walker was arrested that evening and charged with assault and attempted murder of a police officer. In this case, the officers have not been criminally charged with Taylor’s killing, and have instead been reassigned pending the results of the investigation. The Louisville Metro Police Department has not yet commented on Taylor or her killing as that investigation continues.

This week, deep anger and riots have flared in Minneapolis and across our country following the death of George Floyd, who had been detained by police for allegedly attempting to use a $20 counterfeit bill at a grocery store.

It’s another tragic story where the release of a viral video provides tragic details. In this case, the video shows officer Derek M. Chauvin kneeling on Floyd’s neck for more than seven minutes (a technique that is not a part of the Minneapolis Police Department’s training), even as bystanders urged the police to release him as Floyd repeatedly said he couldn’t breathe, and that he was dying. For the final moments of his life, Floyd was immobilized.

Following the release of the video, all four policemen involved in the arrest were fired by the Minneapolis Police Department. We also learned that Chauvin has had a number of disciplinary issues including 12 previous police brutality complaints (all led to no discipline).

As we’ve all seen in the last 72 hours, anger and even violence has spread across the country in response to these deaths. Protestors have been shot, and in one case, killed during those riots in Minneapolis and elsewhere (seven protestors were shot in Louisville last night in protests related to Breonna Taylor’s death). Additionally, businesses, apartment buildings and a police department office have been destroyed by fires lit during these riots.

I am angry.

As James Baldwin poignantly stated, “to be Black in America is to be in a constant state of rage.”

It would seem biblically accurate to just discount this rage as the human anger that James is describing in the text I shared in that Friday night vespers earlier this year. I would challenge you to read the text more closely. If we keep reading in James, we find this caution against discrimination and prejudice:

“My dear brothers and sisters, how can you claim to have faith in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ if you favor some people over others? For example, suppose someone comes into your meeting dressed in fancy clothes and expensive jewelry, and another comes in who is poor and dressed in dirty clothes. 3 If you give special attention and a good seat to the rich person, but you say to the poor one, ‘You can stand over there, or else sit on the floor’—well, doesn’t this discrimination show that your judgments are guided by evil motives? Listen to me, dear brothers and sisters. Hasn’t God chosen the poor in this world to be rich in faith? Aren’t they the ones who will inherit the Kingdom he promised to those who love him?... Yes indeed, it is good when you obey the royal law as found in the Scriptures: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ But if you favor some people over others, you are committing a sin. You are guilty of breaking the law… So whatever you say or whatever you do, remember that you will be judged by the law that sets you free. There will be no mercy for those who have not shown mercy to others. But if you have been merciful, God will be merciful when he judges you. James 2:1-5, 8-9, 12-13, NLT (emphasis mine).

I believe that the Bible makes it clear that God is just as angry about these recent killings as many of us are. Therefore, that anger and frustration cannot just be discounted as the kind of human anger that James cautions us against. In fact, in other translations of James 1:20, the righteousness or justice of God is also phrased as the wrath of God. The question that I have been left to wrestle with, and the one that I will challenge you to consider as well, is are we willing to submit our anger to God and allow His righteousness, justice, and wrath to be manifested according to His perfect will? If I am not - if we are not - willing to do that, then our anger remains in our flesh (human anger) and that anger will motivate us into ungodly actions that would not produce the righteousness, justice, and wrath that God would intend as His will is carried out in our world.

So, if that’s true, what can we do with the anger and the pain that we are feeling? How do we personally ensure that we do not allow our anger to manifest itself in the wrong actions? I believe the last verse of James chapter 1 provides us with the proper blueprint:

“Pure and genuine religion in the sight of God the Father means caring for orphans and widows in their distress and refusing to let the world corrupt you.” James 1:27, NLT

I believe in these texts, God is telling each one of us that if we are truly Christ-followers, we will channel our energy into helping those who are the most vulnerable and in need. The example provided by the book of James is to care for orphans and widows - some of the most marginalized and oppressed persons of his time. As a result, I believe that the message for us here is to open our eyes to the plight of those who are similarly marginalized and oppressed right now — here on our campus, in our communities, and in our world. I believe we should actively seek the ways in which we can not just meet the temporal needs of our family, our neighbors, but also stand in solidarity with them and seek justice and liberation from systems and attitudes that devalue the humanity, the rights to freedom, and the dignity of all persons, particularly for the marginalized in our midst. In particular, I believe that if our religion is truly pure and genuine, we will put ourselves on the line for the other - wherever they may be. As my former colleague Chaplain June Price used to say, it means “putting feet to our faith.”


In closing, I have been talking passionately and praying deeply about these issues for year now, and especially in these recent and tragic days, with my friend colleague José Bourget, our University Chaplain.

He’s shared his own thoughts on these tragic deaths, and their implications for our community as God’s children seeking to uphold His Kingdom, in a letter which follows immediately below.

In turn, both José and I would like to invite you to join us for “Against the Wall: #runstandbreath4justice” which is intended as a time to gather as a community, a time to lament, contemplation and constructive discussion next Friday, June 5, at 8:30 pm on Andrews University’s Facebook page.

We will seek to understand, honor and uphold God’s wisdom, justice and righteousness, to pray and call upon Him to ultimately prevail in this unjust and troubled world.

Michael Nixon, Vice President
Diversity & Inclusion



I’ve thought a lot about this text recently — and it’s a text that is inspiring deep and personal anguish as I consider its implications for God’s kingdom and His children — especially at this urgent moment in our earth’s history.

“Do you think I have come to bring peace to earth? No, I have come to divide people against each other!” Jesus

Wait, what?

Jesus divides us?

Actually, no, I don’t believe that Jesus divides us. However, Christ and His disciples definitely stand apart from the rest of the world.

If that’s true, what could that possibly look like right now in a time of great anger for our country and our world? I think of that amazing text from Micah 6:8

He has told you, O mankind, what is good;
    and what does the Lord require of you
but to do justice, and to love kindness,
    and to walk humbly with your God? 

So what do we do now?

What do God’s people do in response to the admonition of Micah 6:8?

In the book “Twelve Prophets,” Bible commentator P.C. Craigie shares this perspective on this text:

No amount of frenzied temple activity could fill the vacuum of justice. While injustice ruled in Israel, every moment of temple worship was a mockery of Israel’s faith. God was just and had always acted in justice with his people; in return he required them to act and live in justice. And, as Micah’s earlier preaching has indicated, justice was notable by its absence in Israel. Yet justice is a paramount virtue, without which human beings cannot live together in the manner that God intended. 

As I reflect on Micah 6:8, I think we have to allow the text to be honest about our present reality with the identities crisis that we struggle with in our larger faith community. And it’s not just about whether we should reopen our churches for worship gatherings.

Instead, I believe we need to be vocally and actively rooting out racism wherever it can be found in our communities and our institutions. I believe that those sorts of acts of justice on our part will help demonstrate to the world that to be a peculiar people, is also to be anti-racist.

As we pursue justice in this tragic and challenging world, sheep will be sheep and goats will be goats.

But I’m convinced that the day is here when our faith community needs to decisively fight, monitor, and act against racism. Our own prophetic voice and spiritual movement that influences our life journey, and our faith, needs to be uncompromising in its efforts to save the lives of people of color in our communities, and around the world.

I’d like to echo Michael’s invitation for you to join us for “Against the Wall: #runstandbreath4justice,” which is intended as a time to gather as a community, a time to lament, contemplation and constructive discussion next Friday, June 5, at 8:30 pm on Andrews University’s Facebook page.

And I want to join with Michael in inviting you to run, stand, breathe in our passionate and profoundly urgent wish for justice in a world where justice is so desperately needed.

José Bourget
University Chaplain

COVID-19: Addressing Economic/Racial Disparities

Posted on April 21, 2020

Dear friends,

I hope this message finds you all doing well during these uncertain times. As has been said many times before, our current state of affairs driven by the COVID-19 pandemic has not been easy, but it is my prayer that we will continue to journey through it together.

I wanted to quickly update you on two important initiatives that our campus will take on over the next two weeks.

Social Consciousness Summit

We will be hosting our 8th Annual Summit on Social Consciousness on Thursday, April 23, at 6:30 p.m. This year’s summit will operate under the theme “COVID-19: Understanding and Breaking the Socio-Economic and Racial Disparities.” As more data has been accumulated about the effects of this disease, it has become clear, both in Michigan and across the country, that minority communities have been hit the hardest.

The Summit is co-sponsored by Spectrum Health Lakeland, the Andrews University Office for Diversity & Inclusion, our Truth, Racial Healing & Transformation Campus Center, the Office of Research & Creative Scholarship, and the Office of the Provost. Since we are in many different locations this spring semester, our Summit will stream live from the Andrews University Facebook page and will be a part of our Andrews Speaks podcast series (co-curricular credit is available for students).

The issues we’ll cover in this Summit have also been a point of emphasis for the government’s pandemic response team. In Michigan, even though African Americans make up only 14 percent of the population, they account for 40 percent of the state’s coronavirus deaths to date. African Americans account for 67 percent of the deaths in Chicago and 70 percent of the deaths in Louisiana. In New York City, the U.S. epicenter of this pandemic, Latinos represent 34 percent and African Americans represent 28 percent of COVID-19 related deaths—both disproportionate to their percentage of the population.

During the Summit, we will seek to carefully explore some of the core reasons for these disparities and discuss what they reveal to us about the inequities that predated this pandemic; how the pandemic has worsened those inequities; and the policies we can advocate for to begin the process of addressing, even and especially in the heart of this pandemic, with its threats to our communities.

Please join us on April 23 and feel free to bring any questions or comments you have as we seek to create an interactive and productive dialogue during this significant Summit on Social Consciousness.

“BE COUNTED BERRIEN 2020” Census Count

This got somewhat lost in the shuffle of all the pandemic news, but throughout the month of April, the 2020 United States Census count has been happening all across the country. And even with shelter-in-place guidelines in effect, you can still make sure you are counted right from where you are! An accurate count is critical in order for Berrien County to receive our fair share of federal funds. You may not know that the Census count determines how much funding Berrien County will receive over the next 10 years for roads, school lunches, education, housing, transportation, Medicare, Medicaid and much more.

The county’s population also determines how many lawmakers represent us in Washington D.C.

You are counted as a resident in the county you were considered a permanent resident in as of April 1, 2020. For some of you, that is likely to have changed, so be sure to follow the census instructions in the county where you currently reside.

It is also important to note that you do not have to be a U.S. citizen in order to be counted in the Census. The Census counts every person living in the U.S. as of April 1, 2020, including non-citizens, legal residents and temporary or seasonal workers. Also, the information you share on the census is, by federal law, kept private and confidential and can only be used for statistical purposes. Regardless of where you are living right now, you can find all of the information you need to fill out the Census online, via mail or via phone here.

If you currently reside in Berrien County, as of April 1, the online “BE COUNTED BERRIEN 2020” frequently asked questions page can be found here.

I encourage you to make sure that you are counted! It will make a big difference in your community—wherever you live.

Thank you all for engaging in these important initiatives. If there is anything that our Diversity & Inclusion office can do for you during these challenging times, please contact us at diversity@andrews.edu for further assistance.

Grace and peace,

Michael Nixon, Vice President
Diversity & inclusion

Women's History Month 2020

Posted on March 4, 2020


It is my distinct privilege to take a few moments to recognize Women’s History Month. It began in 1980 as Women’s History Week through a proclamation by President Jimmy Carter and has been recognized in March ever since 1995. Women’s History Month is an annual opportunity to remember that the achievements, leadership, courage, strength and love of the women who built America were, in the words of President Carter, “as vital as that of the men whose names we know so well.”

The 2020 Women’s History Month theme, selected by the National Women’s History Alliance (NWHA), is Valiant Women of the Vote. The NWHA explained this theme was chosen in order to celebrate "the brave women who fought to win suffrage rights for women, and for the women who continue to fight for the voting rights of others.” This of course brings to mind the powerful Women’s Suffrage movement in the early 1900s, which helped lead to the creation of the 19th Amendment securing women’s right to vote. This also brings to mind the many women who continued to fight in the 1960s for legislation such as the Voting Rights Act which ensured that the voting rights of women of all racial and ethnic backgrounds were secured and protected.

International Women’s Day is Sunday, March 8. This year’s theme is #EachforEqual, which is rooted in the pursuit of a “gender-equal” world. The theme “is drawn from a notion of 'Collective Individualism.' We are all parts of a whole. Our individual actions, conversations, behaviors and mindsets can have an impact on our larger society. Collectively, we can make change happen. Collectively, we can each help to create a gender equal world.”

During this time of heightened political activity, it would be fitting to take a moment not simply to reflect on your potential candidate of choice but rather to think about the women who have gone before us to ensure that we all have the right to express our desire for a more perfect union through our ability to vote. We should also thank all of the people who continue to fight to ensure that this right is protected so that more and more citizens are able to participate in the political process.

I would like to invite you to join our campus celebration in the following ways during this upcoming weekend:

  • Friday, March 6, 7:30 p.m., Pioneer Memorial Church: Proximity Vespers, "Empower" (Speaker Rachel Arner). Co-sponsored by the Women’s Empowerment Association of Andrews University (WEAAU) and the Office of Student Activities & Involvement.
  • Saturday, March 7, 7:30–10:30 p.m., Howard Performing Arts Center: Women's History Month Celebration. Co-sponsored by WEAAU and the Office of Student Activities & Involvement.

Also, later in the month:

  • Friday, March 27, 8 p.m., Howard Performing Arts Center: Lighthouse Vespers. Co-sponsored by AUSA and WEAAU.

Many of you will remember our Rise Up Against Abuse Rally, which was held last year during this month. During the last week of the month (March 23–30), our campus will have another opportunity to experience the Solidarity Wall. The goal of this initiative is to raise awareness on issues of abuse that are largely directed toward women and to stand in solidarity with survivors who continue to carry the weight of what they endured. It is our hope that this demonstration of solidarity, empathy and compassion can help to make that load a little bit lighter as we stand alongside one another and walk forward in victory together.

I am excited about this wonderful opportunity to celebrate the many contributions and achievements of all of the amazing women around us. I will leave you with a quote from one of my favorite authors, the incomparable Maya Angelou:

“Seek patience and passion in equal amounts.
Patience alone will not build the temple.
Passion alone will destroy its walls.”


Michael Nixon
VP for Diversity & Inclusion

Divino: What Defines Community in Times of Crisis?

Posted on February 11, 2020

Dear Friends,

As you know, our community joins with the world right now as we globally seek to understand and respond to the implications and spread of the new Coronavirus (now officially called “Covid-19”).

At this point in time, the impact of the disease continues to be tragically and largely focused in China and specifically in the city and province where the virus was first identified at the end of last year. Current reports suggest that nearly all of the more than 43,000 cases confirmed worldwide, and all but two of the more than 1,000 reported deaths, have occurred in China and most within that city and province where the virus was first identified.

As you may have read, the virus was first publicly identified by a 34-year-old ophthalmologist Dr. Li Wenliang. Dr. Li, in the face of official reprimands by local authorities for “spreading rumours,” continued to care for those who had the disease, which he later contracted. A few days ago, he was another one of the hundreds who have died from the NCP virus.

Amidst these overwhelming details and statistics, there are also some small measures of hope—as of late Monday, reports indicate that more than 3,300 individuals have recovered from the disease.

However, I’m writing today not simply to provide an update on the medical risks and impact of this newly discovered virus. Instead, I want to reflect directly on the unreasonable fear that sometimes accompanies the ways we perceive, welcome and care for each other within our Andrews University community, especially at challenging moments like these.

In this particular situation with global healthcare risks, we discover that sometimes the most immediate fear is often about the “other” person in our midst. At times we may even perceive those individuals or groups to be a potential and direct risk to our own health or safety, based solely on the individual’s appearance or cultural heritage rather than documented health risk factors.

Over the last several days, I’ve had the privilege of talking about these concerns and realities with several of our Asian students, each of whom comes from a variety of home countries, including China. In addition to those conversations, I’ve received letters from Asian members of our University community, including one on Friday morning which included these disappointing details: 

“… I have been asked on a daily basis if I had the Coronavirus by complete strangers just because I'm Asian. (However)...I have never exhibited any behavior that would indicate that I'm sick. People…either literally slam doors in my face, or visibly avoid being in contact with me by moving their seats away (from me) in class, or make questionable remarks when they catch me wearing a face mask…”

This particular letter and other recent conversations have indicated to me that concerns like these move beyond simply a fear of contracting a disease to having a perspective that’s influenced by xenophobic fears or racist tropes against our Asian community members, on this campus or around the world.

I’m reminded in this context that the Andrews University community is on a complicated, and sometimes challenging journey to understand and achieve the ultimate benefits of a diverse, inclusive and beloved community that reflects the values of God’s kingdom.

This is clearly a moment where we are called to do and be truly different as we respond to and care for each other. I hope that each one of us will commit to serving as understanding allies and friends to the rich diversity of students on our campus—where each one of us is better understood, more valued, and increasingly accepted and included.

In my role as vice president for Diversity & Inclusion, I would also like to take this opportunity to solicit ideas on how we can continue to highlight and affirm the Asian/Asian-American student and employee experience here at Andrews. During the month of February, I think often about how much of a personal privilege it is to take part in celebrating my own culture and heritage (which I am always reminded is a year-round opportunity).

As a result, I can think of no better gift to offer during a month like Black History Month than to also seek and create spaces for our campus community to talk together more thoughtfully and carefully about how we can also celebrate and affirm Asian/Asian-American students. I have also been extremely pleased to see a number of our student groups representing students from outside of the African Diaspora (namely KASA—our Korean American Student Association) who have joined us in celebrating blackness during this month.

I continue to be committed to serving as an ally and advocate on these issues, even amidst these difficult steps in our shared journey, to help ensure that we do better going forward. Please reach out to me (you can email me here) so we can discuss how to consistently do this successfully as we move forward.

May God bless us in these commitments to support each other as we continue to monitor, understand and respond to the actual risks and factors connected with this global disease.

Michael Nixon
VP for Diversity & Inclusion

2020 MLK Weekend: What Makes You Come Alive?

Posted on January 17, 2020

“Don't ask yourself what the world needs. Ask yourself what makes you come alive, and go do that, because what the world needs is people who have come alive.” ~ Howard Thurman

Dear Friends,

This weekend, as we once again commemorate the life and legacy of Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., I wanted to introduce to some, and re-introduce to others, a lesser-known figure who served as one of the spiritual anchors of the civil rights movement. That person is none other than Reverend Howard Thurman. Born in 1899, Thurman, a grandson of former enslaved persons, stressed education as a means of overcoming racial discrimination.

He graduated as valedictorian from Morehouse College with a Bachelor of Arts in economics in 1923 and from Rochester Theological Seminary (now Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School) with a Bachelor of Divinity in 1926. He subsequently served as pastor of a Baptist church in Oberlin, Ohio, and pursued graduate course work in theology at Oberlin College. A meeting in 1934 with Mohandas K. Gandhi instilled within Thurman an appreciation for the value of nonviolent resistance in combating racial inequality.

In 1944 he left Howard to help found the Church for the Fellowship of All Peoples (also known as Fellowship Church) in San Francisco, the first congregation in the United States that encouraged participation in its spiritual life regardless of religious or ethnic background. Thurman stayed there until 1953, when he assumed the deanship of Boston University’s Marsh Chapel. This was the first time that an African American had assumed such a deanship at a traditionally white American university.

Thurman, who was a classmate of Dr. King’s father at Morehouse, had MLK Jr. as a student while he served at Boston University. It was there where King was introduced to the powerful tenets of nonviolent resistance in combating racial inequality. Among the many books that Reverend Thurman authored was the seminal “Jesus and the Disinherited” which Dr. King kept in his coat pocket wherever the Civil Rights movement took him. It served as a source of spiritual strength and guiding light to him as he led that movement alongside others.

As we spend some time this weekend reflecting on the writings of Reverend Thurman, I'd also like to invite us to remember Dr. King's legacy as a man who certainly committed himself to that what which made him “come alive”—even to death—as Thurman posited. With that example in mind, I alsoo encourage you to spend some time this weekend asking yourself the same question: what makes me come alive? What was I put on this planet to do? It is my prayer that as we all thoughtfully consider this question, the Spirit of God would reveal to us (or bring back to our memory) our reason for being.

Let us all be a community that commits ourselves to be world changers, not simply by asking what the world needs but instead who the world needs—each and every one of us operating as the fully alive versions of ourselves that God created us to be.

“So the question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be. Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Will we be extremists for the preservation of injustice or for the extension of justice? In that dramatic scene on Calvary's hill three men were crucified. We must never forget that all three were crucified for the same crime—the crime of extremism. Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment. The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment.” ~ Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.